What It Means to Live in the Middle and Be a Peacebuilder

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As someone who works under the auspices of the Reformed Church in America’s Global Mission, I have the privilege of traveling across the U.S. each summer to be with churches that support our work in Oman. Each summer I am routinely in New York or New Jersey one weekend and in Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Indiana, Ohio, or Iowa the next. I visit churches that would describe themselves as “conservative” and churches that would identify as “progressive.” I visit churches that predate the Reformed Church in America and churches that have left the denomination but still support our work.

I was born and raised in Michigan. I was baptized at Fifth Reformed Church in Grand Rapids, Michigan, then married and ordained at Fair Haven in Jenison, Michigan. I served First Reformed Church in Schenectady, New York, and Church on the Hill in Flushing, Queens.

For the last seven-plus years, I have called Oman home in the Middle East. If I had to say what I do here in one sentence, it would be this: I am a very public Christian in the middle of a Muslim majority country and region. More fully, I do this by working with people of different faith traditions from around the globe to build peace and trust between them. They are often from different cultures, beliefs, and traditions.

Standing in the middle

In all this, I feel that my call is to stand in the middle. My call, my mission, and the work of the Al Amana Centre, the organization I work for in Oman, is to be with people who believe differently than we do and who often are very different from each other.

So often, we think that to be in the middle means to be moderate, or that in order to mediate, we need to soften our beliefs. That is not my experience. While the term the “moderate middle” is fairly common, being in the middle does not necessarily equal moderate. We can be in the middle and hold deeply held convictions. It means that while we hold onto our convictions, we need to remain in contact with people on both sides of the conflict and help bridge the gaps between them with the love of Christ. We are called to take up our cross and follow Jesus into the middle of the hurt, pain, and conflict of the world and show them that there is another way than violence, separation, and despair. This is my experience, and my conviction, as a Christian, as a pastor, and as a peace builder.

The example of Jesus

Jesus was not a moderate. He taught as one with authority and held strong convictions—convictions that led him to the cross. Even so, he stood in the middle:

  • He ate with the religious and political elite and with the people who were oppressed by them.
  • He stood between the crowd and the woman about to be stoned. He challenged the crowd to have the one without sin cast the first stone, then told the woman to sin no more.
  • He praised the poor woman who gave a few pennies to the temple collection, and he told people to give to Caesar what was Caesar’s.
  • He commanded his disciples to love each other, their neighbors, and their enemies.
  • He spoke out about the injustices heaped upon the oppressed, yet remained silent when he was accused, and refused to repay violence with violence.
  • As he died on the cross, he was between two thieves, one repentant and one mocking.
  • On the cross, he hung in the middle, between heaven and earth.

In all these things, he was in the middle, connected to those on all sides and around him. And in death, he was the light that shone in the middle of the darkest place.

Between the poles

If we are to take up our cross and follow Jesus, I believe that we, too, are called to be in the middle, between the poles of this world: between religious poles, political poles, economic poles, and more. But that does not mean we are moderates or necessarily need to moderate our beliefs and convictions.

As Christians, we are called to follow Jesus and hold the middle, challenging the status quo. We are called to hold the middle, loving the oppressed and the oppressor. We are called to hold the middle, loving our neighbors and our enemies. We are not called to be moderates, but to fiercely fight the powers and principalities that threaten to tear this world apart for their own selfish gain as we stand in the middle.

Jesus said, “Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God.” I think that means standing in the middle, holding convictions, but remaining connected to all people around you in such a way that the love of God is shown to all who see.

How do we start the work of peacemaking?

1. Don’t disparage each other.

In Oman, you can believe whatever you want to believe. You can express those beliefs and you can disagree with others, but when you disparage, diminish, or ridicule someone else’s beliefs of views, that is where the line is crossed. Oman is one of the most peaceful countries in the world, in large part because this is not just the law, but the long held practice of the Omani people.

2. Be curious and listen to understand, not to respond.

So much of our work is asking questions. What do you believe? Why? What difference does it make? We can’t listen to find a weakness in an argument or a theology if we truly want to hear what the other person is saying. Much of the work of peacebuilding and conflict management is asking the question, “Did you understand what was just said? If not, let’s find a way to help you understand each other.”

3. Move from a crusader’s mindset to a crucified mindset.

Lew Scudder, long serving missionary and historian of the Arabian Mission, writes in The Arabian Mission’s Story that over the 100-plus years of the mission, most of the missionaries had moved from a crusader’s mind and found liberation in adopting a crucified mind, or the mind of Christ. This means that instead of trying to conquer, destroy, win over the other, we seek to serve them. It is an attitude of love and service, not dominion. It is not about winning over the other; instead, it is about walking alongside and living with and among them.

4. Be ready to give an account of your faith, belief, or tradition.

If we do the first three items well, chances are high that the people we are engaging will ask about us. We will then be in the position to return the favor and allow them to be able to hear from us and understand our faith, belief, or tradition. When this happens, there is mutual understanding. While we might not change anyone’s views, we can at least begin to understand each other, trust each other, and see each other as children of God.

“I feel that you understood.”

One of my personal highlights in ministry was a couple of summers ago when I was visiting a church in middle America—farmland with little more than corn as far as the eye could see. I was staying the night with a very generous couple, and as we ate dinner, I asked about their church, their community, their joys, and their struggles. We talked about politics, our faith, Islam, and immigration. I was curious about them and their lives; they were curious about mine. I didn’t disparage their religious or political beliefs, even though it became clear that we had different views on some very contentious subjects. We listened to each other, and we sought to understand.

At the conclusion of the dinner, my hostess said to me, “I can tell that we don’t agree on some things and that we likely have different politics than each other, but I feel that you understand our point of view and I didn’t think that was possible.”

This is just the start. In peacemaking, and in life, there is a need for justice, repentance, and forgiveness. Just because you listen does not mean you agree, and it does not mean that things do not need to change. It just means that you are doing the hard work of standing in the middle. And it is from the middle, listening, living, working with, and loving people on all sides that changes will start to manifest in our communities.

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Thank you, Justin.  I couldn't agree more and am encouraged to seek to integrate this conviction more deeply into the fabric of my life and ministry.  Thank's for serving in the Al Amana Centre and bringing your learning back to the North American church!

Anthony, most welcome. Thank you for your kind words.

Well said!

Thank you for your thoughtful and thought provoking article!  The Al Amana Centre is in the right place at the right time!