Five overtures in the Agenda for Synod 2014 call for action related to The Banner. All of them represent responses to last summer’s heat wave generated by the publication of two articles...

May 12, 2014 0 53 comments

All advisers are asked to remember their role at synod—which is to help the delegates from the classes and churches to make decisions for the whole Christian Reformed Church. Synod 2014 will consider a report that more clearly defines these advisers and their roles...

May 12, 2014 0 0 comments

The Board of Trustees meets three times per year to implement matters assigned by synod and carry out interim functions on behalf of synod. "BOT Highlights" are published following each meeting and distributed to churches by way of the stated clerk of classis. Here's the latest issue.

May 9, 2014 0 0 comments

A time of worship for the whole community–a time to sing and pray, a time to talk to God and listen to what God has to say to us.

May 6, 2014 0 0 comments

In a historical first, the annual synod of the Christian Reformed Church (CRC) and the General Synod of the Reformed Church in America (RCA) will be doing some business together when they meet simultaneously in June on the campus of Central College in Pella, Iowa.

May 2, 2014 0 0 comments

Most churches have ministries geared for children and youth, but many kids with disabilities don’t feel at home in these ministries.

May 2, 2014 0 0 comments

I’m glad that in June the CRC and RCA Synods are meeting at the same time in Pella, Iowa, and worshiping together from the same hymnal. I welcome the joint recommendation to both of our synods to acknowledge how much we have in common...

April 24, 2014 0 2 comments

Soon after his promotion from lecturer to professor of Old Testament studies at our Theological School in 1914, Ralph Janssen was to face growing suspicions of "liberalism."

April 22, 2014 0 4 comments

The Board of Trustees meets three times per year to implement matters assigned by synod and carry out interim functions on behalf of synod (read more). "BOT Highlights" are published following each meeting and distributed to churches by way of the stated clerk of classis. Here's the latest issue.

March 5, 2014 0 0 comments
Discussion Topic

In 2012, Synod adopted a new category, Ecumenical Faith Documents, and placed the Belhar Confession therein. This category is interesting and puzzling.  This category was never defined by Synod 2012 and I believe a definition was put on hold during Synod 2013.  There was an overature presented...

February 21, 2014 0 0 comments

The Office of Synodical Services is in the process of soliciting nominees for service as ethnic and deacon advisers, as well as young adult representatives to synod.

October 24, 2013 0 0 comments

The Board of Trustees meets three times per year to implement matters assigned by synod and carry out interim functions on behalf of synod. "BOT Highlights" are published following each meeting and distributed to churches by way of the stated clerk of classis. Here's the latest issue.

October 15, 2013 0 0 comments

There is much I like about the shepherding model.  I especially like the emphasis on listening.  I just think that the listening should take place sooner.  

October 2, 2013 0 0 comments

When I think about the things that make me impatient with synod, I confess to the sin of cynicism. (Is cynicism de facto a sin? I’ve come to think so. Christians just don’t get to do gratuitous negativity.) On the other hand, when I’m feeling good about a particular synod, and someone snidely says to me, “Yeah, but what did they actually ACCOMPLISH?” I feel deflated... 

September 30, 2013 0 0 comments
Discussion Topic

I am a bit behind on this topic. However to pressure on folks who already work in mostly difficult circumstances this is a difficult position to support. If we apply it to Back to God Ministries International and Home Missions the traffic on our pulpits asking for money eould increase...

September 8, 2013 0 27 comments

Can anyone tell me whether the CRCNA has completed a review or study of the NIV2011?

I have looked in the last few Synod Agendas, but have not found anything.

If such a study exists, could you please direct me to it, or send me a link? 


Much apprecaited


August 17, 2013 0 4 comments
Discussion Topic

Firstly, it is important to mention that I have no issue whatsoever about the quality of the officers of Synod, this year or in the past.

The selection process has become a popularity contest ... in the best sense of the word. Officers are selected on the first day of synod, and if you don...

July 31, 2013 0 9 comments

To be of assistance to you, our office has gathered the decisions of Synod 2013 that are of special importance for the churches in the attached summary document. Please take time to review these highlights in your upcoming council meeting.

July 30, 2013 0 0 comments

Synod 2013 has made a believer out of me.  There I said it.In my first post as Synod Blogger, I confessed to y’all that, with the exception of a few critical issues, I have never followed Synod all that closely.  Delegates to the Spring gathering of Classis Hackensack will recall I deferred being a delegate with this martyr’s concession: “I’ll fall on my sword next year.” 

July 9, 2013 0 0 comments

This summer, synod encouraged all Christian Reformed churches to adopt a church policy on disability and to appoint at least one person in the congregation to serve as a church disability advocate. Has your church taken both of these steps?

July 1, 2013 0 0 comments
Discussion Topic

For those who followed Synod 2013 (a lot or a little, delegate or observer); how would you describe Synod 2013 in six words or phrases?

You can just give your six or feel free to unpack why you picked that word or phrase.

I'll start; Synod 2013 was...
A Slow Start - It...

June 25, 2013 0 1 comments

We are also concerned about the churches to which we belong and which we miss dearly. We have been worshiping with that church in mind. We have prayed for her, for you. We have debated and decided on her behalf. We have prayed and worked for her welfare.

June 25, 2013 0 2 comments

The 450th Anniversary of the Heidelberg Catechism is this year. What does one get for a Catechism?

June 24, 2013 0 0 comments
Discussion Topic

The Associated Press on June 15, 2013 noted: "The conversation is no longer solely about how to save the planet by cutting carbon emissions. It's becoming more about how to save ourselves from the warming planet's wild weather." Even Al Gore now is saying that the need to cope with rising seas...

June 18, 2013 0 18 comments

At Synod last week the Diakonia Remixed Report was discussed. Ultimately what was discussed on the Synod floor was different than what had been submitted by the task force. Here's what happened...

June 16, 2013 0 1 comments



Roger, what is your scientific evidence for God directed evolution?  

What is your scriptural evidence for God directed evolution?  



John, it sounds to me that you are arguing a straw man of your own making.  You seem to be saying that because evolution, as described by Jonathan Sarfati (or yourself), is impossible (impossible probabilities), therefore theistic evolution is also impossible.  You imply or say evolution directed by God boils down to creationism.  That’s not true.  God can change the numbers that Sarfati suggests to anything God wants in order to make evolution definite.  God can work through natural law (they are God’s laws, after all) in the same way he works to accomplish his purposes for individuals, the church, or the kingdom of God.  Or don’t you think that God works through natural law to accomplish his purposes?  You see, God is not subject to randomness and yet works through natural law.  You say that “evolution requires the undirected, random mutations....”  But theistic evolution is not undirected or random.  Your argument holds no water.


Edwin, yes, I am throwing some science at you, because you said you believed in listening to God's word in nature, yes?  How will you listen, if you don't?   If ATP, and ribosomes, and the smallest cells, cannot be created thru evolution, then what can evolution do?   In your idea of God-directed evolution, you have not explained what it is.  I suspect you think that because their is natural selection of a sort, and because there are mutations, and because deep-time is postulated, that evolution must have happened.  But none of these things are evolution by themselves.  They can all exist outside of evolution.  Evolution requires the undirected, random mutations adapting over time, genomes aquiring increase in size and information, and creating progressively more complex species thru time.  God-directed evolution is somewhat of a misnomer, because it implies that God interferes in the randomness, and in the rate and type of mutations, to make huge improbable leaps.  If that is possible, then essentially you are saying that things were created simply by God creating a new being with a new genome, all things after their kind, which is what scripture says.  But that is not evolution.  

In order to know whether your insights are valid, wouldn't you subject them to scrutiny?  That would make sense, wouldn't it...?  

Thanks for your reply on the theological problems.  

As for Adam, it seems you insist that there is no lack of credibility of a type, if the type is not real.  To me there is a lack of credibility.  It would be like saying that you are following the teachings and person of an imaginary person.  Yes?  

If Adam didn't exist...  like saying you are the third Edwin Walhout in this discussion... oops, I will have to quickly pseudonym another character to be the first.   And then how would you respond?    

How do you know the things in Genesis 3 are symbolic?  or symbolic only?  What evidence or proof do you have?  I agree there is some symbolism attached, but does that make them only symbolic, or can they also be real?  

Okay, interesting... you say that we all make the same choice as Adam and Eve (who are symbolic and unreal, according to you, and merely represent mankind).  Yes there is a type of analogy there.   But how do you know we all make the same choice as Adam and Eve? And if the choice Adam and Eve made was just symbolic and not real, how do we know that our choices are also just symbolic, and not real?     

I am glad to hear that you do not have faith in evolution after all.   It would definately let you down, since it changes every day.  

It seems to me that when you say that God created the world developmentally, who could argue with that?  Of course the world is developing, changing.  We know climates have changed in the past.  We know the flood was a huge developmental event, as was the spreading of people after the tower of Babel.  We know nations come and go.  We know Jesus was the fullfillment of prophecy;  He came, he taught, died, rose again, and ascended to heaven, and will return again.  All this could be termed developmental.  But it doesn't have much to do with evolution.  Again, I am glad to hear that you don't believe in evolution.  Sometimes it sounds like you do.  

The truth is that the Bible says that Adam and Eve were real, created, talked with God, and were the ancestors of all people.  That's the truth.  Not my truth, but the Bible's truth.  The other bible writers believed it.  Jesus believed it.  the new testament epistles believed it. 

Sorry to give you a hard time on some of these questions.   Your article upset some of my kids who saw it, and basically came down to them thinking that the crc is advocating that the bible is made of fables rather than truth.  

Sorry, never heard of Edwin Zylstra.  



Well, John, I am somewhat puzzled by how to respond to you.  You keep throwing at me all kinds of scientific items that simply go over my head and to which I cannot respond one way or another.  On the other hand you are now presenting a lot of theological problems that you see with what what you think I believe.

            I have worked my way through many questions similar to those you raise.  It wasn’t easy and didn’t come quickly, but I have come to a new vision of how God works that seems to me to be a much better way of understanding human history than our traditions present.  Frankly, it does not appear to me from what you write that you are really asking for help in working your way through those questions.  It seems rather that you are raising them, not for your benefit, but for destroying my insights.

            That being said, let me say something about Adam and Jesus.  There is no serious question about whether or not Jesus was a real human person.  Paul does describe Jesus as the second Adam, the last Man.  So doesn’t this require thinking Adam was a real historical person?  Answer: No.

            There is no possible way of ascertaining what Genesis Two and Three describe as actually happenings at the dawn of human history.  Further, some of the aspects of those stories are clearly symbolical (a speaking serpent, a woman created out of a bone, a piece of fruit symbolizing sin, God walking in the garden, the location of the garden).  Still further, the Apostle Paul in Romans 5, where he compares Adam and Jesus, says that Adam is a type of the one who is to come.  So to abandon the notion of the historicity of Adam still allows us to retain the notion of this typological connection.

We can easily find the symbolical meaning of each element in the Adam stories, and then go on to see also the connection of that symbolism with Jesus.  For example, in the story of the sin of Eve and Adam.  The symbolism here is simply that this is a picture of us all; we all make the wrong choice apart from the Lord Jesus.  We are all sinners.  But Jesus faced his own temptations, and instead of yielding as did Eve and Adam, he resisted temptation because of his loyalty to his Father in heaven.  That’s the typological connection.  Jesus did what Adam and Eve failed to do, and what we fail to do, that is, obey God, so the significance of this is that faith in Jesus also results in our living in obedience to God.

We can do the same wih every one of incidents relating to Adam in Genesis, seeing first the symbolism involved and then the typological jump to see how that relates to Jesus and then to those who follow Jesus.

It makes perfect sense, but it does require us to be willing to give up some traditions.   Why can’t we think of Adam in the way we think about cave men, before there was even language?  The process that paleontologists are discovering about the provenance and development of the human race makes perfect sense.  Why should it make us think it contradicts the Bible?  All truth is from God, no matter who discovers it.  Scientists have made mistakes, but so have theologians.  Scientists work hard to correct them when they see them, and so should we when we see them.  And that, to conclude, is what I have been doing to the best of my ability in my retirement years.

            Also now to your latest missile.  I suspect you are barking up the wrong tree: What does it take for me to give up faith in evolution?  I do not have faith in evolution, I have faith in the God who created the world developmentally.  As I see that Roger has also said.  So your question comes across to me this way: What would it take for you to give up listening to God and listen to John Zylstra instead?  It took God seventy or so years to get me to listen to him, and I am not about to stop now!  So perhaps you may wish to consider the counter question, presented as bluntly as yours to me: What would it take, John, for you to give up your opposition to the truth?  (By the way, I had a roommate in college by the name of Edwin Zylstra.  Do you know him?)

Edwin Walhout


John, I’m not sure who you are debating with in some of your later responses, especially the last one, but it doesn’t seem to be Edwin or even myself.  He has said many times, and I agree, that the evolution of the world and life, is theistic.  A theistic evolution sees God’s involvement throughout and doesn’t involve randomness in the least.  Your questions and comments would be like my asking of you, what are the possibilities of someone speaking a word on six consecutive days and a different part of the created world would comes into being.  If evolution is theistic, then randomness or possibilities plays no part, and you have no argument.


Chapter 3 of the book, "Evolution's Achilles Heels" was written by Dr. Jonathan Sarfati, a PhD in Physical Chemistry, and chess master in New Zealand.  His chapter is on the origin of life.  He covers several topics in 32 pages, but what I found interesting was his discussion of probabilities, and the elemental basic requirements for life.  Apparently, the hypothetical minimum genome consists of 387 protein-coding genes, and 43 RNA-coding genes.  This would be for a mycoplasma which is about the simplest organism found.  Mycoplasma genitalium (a bacterium) has the smallest known genome and contains 482 genes comprising 580,000 bases.  

The chance of attaining the minimum, making very generous assumptions (generous means unrealistic), is about (10) to the power of -5000.  Like guessing a 5000 digit PIN on the first try.  Evolutionists say that given enough time randomness makes anything possible.  Sarfati says there are 10 to power of 80 atoms in the universe. 10 to power of 12 atomic interactions per second.  10 to power of 18 seconds since the evolutionary big bang.  This makes only 10 to power of 110 interactions possible. The chance of getting the minimal life is one in 10 to the power of 4925.  Not enough time.   No chance.  Impossible through randomness.  It is statistically impossible. 

This does not include all the probabilities necessary for developing this simple life into all other life forms through sheer random chance of obtaining favorable mutations and additions of information which are not lost.  So Edwin, what would it take for you to lose your faith in evolution?  


Theoretically, God could employ whatever method He wants to create.  If he had chosen to employ evolution, then he could direct it or undirect it any way he wants.  With God all things are possible.  But speculating on that without considering the ramifications or without considering the inconsistencies, seems rather useless and perverse.  I would say to the contrary that there is a meeting of the minds on the point that if God had used evolution to create, that it would have theological implications.  The theological implications are those that I have already raised, and to which you have not yet responded... in other words, if God did not create the world good, then why does it need to be renewed, and what does it need to be saved from?   On what basis does God ask us to do things against our natural inclinations with which he created us in the first place?

There are numerous other theological implications, such as what is the meaning of the references to Genesis 1 that we find scattered throughout the new testament, if Genesis 1-3 is a mere fabrication?  How can Jesus be a second Adam if there was no first Adam?   etc., etc.

You might tackle the question as to why Charles Darwin, his grandfather Erasmus Darwin, Richard  Dawkins and numerous others find so much atheistic joy in believing in evolution?

You ask the question, but do not seem to understand the consequences of what directed maco-evolution would be.  In what way would it be directed?   Like God directing the weather?  Like God punishing David for his sin of adultery?  Like God sending Israel into captivity?  Is it merely directed by God-created natural laws, or by God's direct intervention to make evolution possible.  You see, natural laws, and the evidence of fossils, population genetics, observable rates of deleterious mutations, probability theory, all seem to indicate that evolution of microbes to microbiologists is not what we would naturally expect.  So if it happened, it would have required dramatic intervention to cause the specific types of  mutations necessary for "onward and upward" evolution to take place, as well as divine intervention for abiogenesis.   However, this type of evolution is dramatically different from the general theory of evolution postulated and taught in schools and universities today, which postulates the parameter of randomness,  and assumes that processes in the past were similar to those observed in the present.  This is why I asked you earlier if you believed in God of the gaps... in other words do you believe that whereever evolution theory falls short, that God must have created the circumstance necessary to allow evolution to continue?

Since you are not a scientist, it remains for you to answer the theological question:  Why would God redeem us from the very death and destruction that was used as a process to create man?  Why would God redeem us from all the natural inclinations to profligate sex, thievery, lying, cheating, etc., which are simply part of our evolutionary survival mechanisms (if evolution is true)?  Is God being consistent by asking us to behave differently than the way he created us?   Finally, could you say theologically that evolution was now complete and finished, or that it is still continuing?  Did God really rest from his creating work, or did he not?

There is also the moral and ethical question of speculating on something that is not true.  In other words, if evolution is not likely, or not probable based on scientific problems, then is it morally legitimate to speculate on what we would have to change in our theology as if evolution really was true?   Seems to me its a lot like dating other women while married, in order to decide who to marry when your wife dies.


John, in your last sentence you speak of "undirected macro-evolution."  But what about "directed macro-evolution?"  Directed of course by the Creator God as in Genesis One and throughout the Bible.  Which, to my unscientific mind, would be what appears to be truthful Biblically.  Do you suppose God could have employed such a developmental method to bring the world and the human race to the point at which we are today?  My theological concern has been what effect, if any, would such a development have on our traditional theological definitions.  There doesn't seem to be a meeting of the minds on that point.

Edwin Walhout


With consideration for Jolanda's comment that one should not dominate a discussion... which I appreciate, I can only say that Edwin Walhout dominated the page of the Banner with his article, and comments, objections, etc. did not have the same space or weight permitted.  His article made some of my children question the integrity and faith of the crc, and others were also affected similarly.  So I think it is legitimate to respond to every concern and question and "truth statement" made.  I certainly don't mind if someone else responds instead of me, but I hope I will be forgiven for filling in the gap in the meanwhile.

I have been reading the book, "Evolution's Achilles Heels" by the 9 PhD scientists.  It's somewhat technical and difficult, although yet written in a way that the points can be understood.  I've finished the first of 8 chapters, which is a chapter on Natural Selection by Dr. Donald Batten.  What is the point of this chapter in a nutshell?  Well, creationists also accept natural selection.  But they believe that natural selection works against evolution, not for it.  It is a conserving action, weeding out harmful mutations.  It does not create additional genetic information, but generally reduces the genetic variability within a species or a kind.  Haldane's dilemna of population genetics indicates that in 10 million years with a fixed beneficial mutation rate of one per generation, under idealized and unrealistic conditions, the maximum amount of the human genome that could be generated is only 0.02%.  Under realistic assumptions, the amount would be much, much lower.  However, the genetic difference from the supposed common ancestor is at least 5%, and probably 12%, so much more time would be required to generate the genome, even if the genome was somewhere 50% similar to ape and 50% similar to human.  At a 5% difference, it would take 250 times longer under idealized conditions.  And this is only under the assumption that new genetic information could actually be generated, which does not appear to be the case, since observed mutations are almost always deleterious, or even when beneficial, are caused by a loss of information, or a loss of a genetic inhibitor, or activation of an inhibitor, and not by actual increase in new genetic material.

In the Second chapter, "Genetics and DNA", Dr. Carter points out that evolutionists assumed 97% of human DNA was junk DNA, because of their presuppositions.  This was found to be in error, and in fact every indication is that almost every part of the DNA plays a role and function.   Most genes in the individual DNA often play a dual or triple regulatory function, so that the 23,000 genes in the human genome can produce 100,000 proteins.  The ENCODE project, which spent $3 billion to map the 3 billion letters in the human genome found out all sorts of things that make it more unlikely that evolutionary processes could have ever resulted in the development of new species from different species in a macro sort of sense.

God's creation is much more complicated and complex than we have thought in the past, which makes it less and less likely that undirected macro-evolution could be the mechanism for generating the creation we see today.


Last night I was listening to Hank Hanegraaff (Bible Answer Man broadcast) on the radio, and I found it interesting that he became a Christian at the age of 29 by examining the evidence for creation science.  When he realized the poverty of evolutionary thought, then the message of scripture made more sense to him.

Another Christian apologist, Ravi Zacharias, also is quite strong in his opposition to evolution.  Born in India, he was an atheist until the age of 17, when he became a Christian after attempting suicide.  He is considered by some to be the leading Christian apologist of this time, and has been preaching internationally since 1977, as well as speaking at universities, colleges, and other groups of young adults.   A very sharp guy.

And then, as I mentioned previously, the speaker Peter Sparrow, who was convinced by anti-evolutionary evidence that maybe God was real after all, and became a Christian at the age of 19.

Don't underestimate the power of apologetics as a tool for witness.



Edwin, you suggest that God brought the world into its present physical condition thru evolutionary processes.  This appears to be a faith statement on your part.  Since you don't say that your idea of evolution is different than the general theory of evolution as proposed by Darwin, Dawkins,, then it is necessary that you have an explanation for how and why God is in control of this process.  Evolution was promoted both before and after Darwin as an explanation that could eliminate God in the equation;  it was not promoted as a way of honoring God.  So you would need to explain how it honors God, and how it is indicated by scripture, and how biology/geology/paleontology proves it, and how this demonstrates God.   What evidence do you have for an endpoint?  How do you know that human beings are the endpoint... according to the theory, they could just as well be an intermediate inferior step towards the progression of something better.   In a way, this is what Hitler proposed in terms of racial superiority, that one race could be superior to another.  Why was he wrong?

So, if God is playing a role... then what role is God playing?   Is your idea of  this role consistent with who God is, how he has revealed himself in scripture?   When we think of the natural laws of physics, mathematics, such as gravity and consistency of numbers and objects, we see God as a God of order, of beauty, symmetry.  Evolutionary theory would see God as a God of disorder, randomness, accidents, death and destruction and survival.  If this is how God created, then what does the world need to be renewed from?  What does it need to be saved from?

I note that you did not address the fact that scientific evidence/knowledge is indicating less and less support for evolution over time, as I noted in the example of human and chimp genome dissimilarities.   What would it take for you to lose your faith in evolution?





Edwin, I will reply to this in a separate post so it is at the end of the thread.  You will see it below.


John, You write at the end, "But this is not a biological evolution. This is a spiritual renewal, a being born again, a dedication to God, and a fulfillment of God’s promise. It is wrong to conflate this with evolution in which God plays no visible role, or in which God cannot intervene.<"/p>
    I trust that you are not suggesting I am defending a concept of evolution in which God plays no role.  I am suggesting that the process of the physical development of the universe since the beginning of time can be characterized as the way God has brought the world to the condition it is in today, and that this guidance, this sovereign control, applies as well to the control of human history as well, all of this working steadily toward the telos God has in mind for the future.

Edwin Walhout


Yes, there will always be differences between believers.   Some differences will be marginal or traditional, or semantic.  Other differences will be serious.  We need to discern the difference.

As far as the science question you raise, could someone show evidence why a six day creation would fit the evidence... well, I don't think its perfect proof, but this book I am reading written by 9 PhDs in science attempts to do that.  If evolution is discredited, then evolution  cannot discredit the possibility of a six day creation... so that is a starting point.  But also the actual layering of sediment, formation of valleys, mountains, volcanoes, ice, should fit into the scenario of this six day creation and a catastrophic world wide flood.   It may be that we simply don't fully understand the implications of such a flood, but I think we are getting closer to it.  I personally have a problem with understanding how light from distant galaxies can travel and fit within that time period, unless it was created in process just like the stars, or the universe expanded very swiftly in the beginning, or light, being created on the first day made the first day somewhat timeless.   But given the evidence or lack of it, I have much bigger problems with seeing how evolution could have happened and left no evidence.

Scientists also have their paradigms, and that is why the nine PhD scientists who wrote the book  "Evolution's Achilles Heels" would disagree with Richard Dawkins.


Edwin, thanks for the apology.    So you admit lack of expertise in science… which is good, because even though I work in science, I do not claim to be an expert in all of these things.  However, knowledge is constantly changing or enlarging and being refined.  What you heard from a biologist about chimpanzees being 97% the same genetically as humans is dramatically wrong, for example.   In 1975, they said that the dna sequence that could be compared was 99% identical.  However, taking insertions and deletions into account, they share 96% of the sequence.  In later work, the genomes were found to be 87% similar (Britten).   However, what is not mentioned is that 35 million base pairs differ between the shared portions. In addition, the chimp genome actual size is about 8% larger than the human genome.  After taking into account genome size, insertions, deletions, the  starting point of 25% random similarity (because of only 4 bases), orthologous proteins, and structural differences, the conclusion is that the genomes are only  about 70% similar.

As far as progress through history, I have no arguments that a certain progression takes place.  The examples you cite in the old testament, are obviously God working with his people.   The events are foretold and they come to pass (Jeremiah, Ezra, Nehemiah).  God gave the Torah;  it was not somehow randomly and accidentally arrived at.  God sent Jesus;  He was not a result of accidental mutations, selections and adaptations.  So there is a big difference when God actively works with his people and his people respond in obedience, compared to some blind, accidental, random, and survivalist evolutionary progression.

There is no doubt, and I totally agree, that the gospel has a magnificent effect on social, governmental and educational activities in society.  I just watched “Amish Grace” yesterday for example which demonstrates this clearly.  But this is not a biological evolution.  This is a spiritual renewal, a being born again, a dedication to God, and a fulfillment of God’s promise.  It is wrong to conflate this with evolution in which God plays no visible role, or in which God cannot intervene.

Yes it is indeed God’s world, but the evolutionists from Darwin to Dawkins, would like to change that.


John, I apologize for the suggestion that you may not be listening to God.  I did not intend to insult you, but I guess I did.  You have a much right to say the same of me from your point of view.  For whatever good it might do, I withdraw the comment.  I’m sorry for it.  We are all trying our best to listen for the truth that God has for us.

            Further, I have nothing whatever to say in reply to your scientific insights.  I have no expertise whatever in that field.  I can only say I have been convinced by what Van Till wrote back in the early nineties and what the two Calvin profs wrote in the scientific journal a couple of years ago, and what I heard from a biologist about chimpanzees being 97% the same genetically as humans.

            My concern is theology and Bible interpretation.  And I do see progress, development, in the Bible.  Genesis One describes the successive stages in the creation, moving step by step toward the shaping of the world as God wanted it to be.  Each day’s work presupposes the work of the preceding day.  That’s development, is it not?

            Similarly the work of God in shaping the nation of Israel in the Old Testament.  Abraham was called out of the polytheism of Babylon into monotheism, the one only God of Israel, Yahweh.  That’s a good and necessary development.  God gave Israel the Torah at Mount Sinai; that too is a step forward for them, shaping a coherent nation out of a group of slaves.  The return from Babylonian captivity was also an advance, once for all eliminating idolatry from the people.

            I think we need to see also that the ministry of Jesus is also a step forward in God’s plan to save the world, the extension of the gospel to all nations, not merely to the Jews.  So I see also this same process continuing as the gospel overcomes all obstacles in the ancient Roman empire, resulting in 390 in Emperor Theodosius declaring Christianity to be the only legal religion in the empire.  That’s progress, development.  Then look at what the gospel did for the barbarian tribes that overran the empire.  It transformed them from destructive to constructive, producing the beginnings of the western civilization which we have inherited.

            You  have constantly pointed out the failures and inadequacies and evils that still plague us.  Nobody denies that.  But for myself I keep looking at what God has done and what he is continuing to do, and I am confident that the work he has begun he will continue to do until such time as he determines will be the telos toward which he guides all things.

            God’s work has encountered major setbacks all throughout history, but God always has a way of using those setbacks as the occasion for making a major step forward in his plan to get us as a human race to greater obedience.  We can have all confidence that God will use the evil  things you mention in order to have us rebound from them into a better world.  That’s what I believe with all my heart.  This is God’s world, not the devil’s.

Edwin Walhout


Thanks, John, for your simplistic answer in regard to the differences between denominations.  All those (from different church groups) going to the Baptist church the other evening to hear a speaker with a narrow message condemning evolution, went because of a common premise (that evolution is a religion and is false).  You all were able to set aside your many differences in order to celebrate your common core belief.  But within that group if the topic got changed unexpectedly to the “gifts of the Holy Spirit” or “infant baptism” or God’s plan for Israel at the end of time or what does it mean when Jesus said, “this is my body... and this is my blood...” or can women be ordained as ministers in the church, or to what extent is Jesus fully God, or are children of believers members of the church or what is the continuity between the Old and New Testaments, or how many dispensations (Dispensationalism - dispensations of how God saves people) are there described in the Bible or what is the proper interpretation of the book of Revelation or is baptism necessary for salvation, and the list goes on almost endlessly as to the topics where there would be complete disagreement between those same church groups.

Your premise of sharing a common interest and persuasion as to evolution, is like asking if the same group could get together and enjoy a football game together, or if all football enthusiasts agree and are comfortable in their beliefs as to God.  The fact remains, you can make the Bible say anything you want it to and most of the differences are not minor.  The differences were serious enough to cause church denominations to split and form new denominations.  Or I could ask you, would you feel comfortable leaving the CRC to become a Pentecostal or Roman Catholic?  There’s your answer, John, about the homogeneity of church groups and as to the importance of how the Bible gets interpreted.

The many differences as to Bible interpretation says there are no clear answers in the Bible and that there are inconsistencies and contradictions.  Otherwise, all Christians would be on the same page.  And my attempt to rationalize those differences and smooth them over may be different than your attempt, or the Baptist attempt, or the Pentecostal attempt, or the Roman Catholic attempt.  And the fact that there are so many interpretations says the Bible is not as clear a Revelation as you make it out to be.

As to the meeting the other night, the speaker could shed a lot of light as to why evolution does not make scientific sense.  If speaking to a panel of scientists, could he also show the scientific evidence as to why a young earth with a literal six day creation would make perfect scientific evidence?


Tonight our family went to a Baptist church to listen to a speaker from Australia explain how evolution was a faith, and how evolution contradicted the scientific evidence.  At this presentation, there were members from a Gospel Chapel, two Baptist churches, Mennonite churches, CRC, Pentecostal churches, Alliance church, Lighthouse church, Rom Catholic, and probably some others.  That kind of answers your comments on differences between denominations.  Similarities between christians from different denominations are ocassionally stronger than similarities within a particular denomination.  Neither the similarities nor the differences prove anything about the truth of scripture. 

The speaker mentioned that Jesus was a young earth creationist.  He quoted the verse where Jesus said, "In the beginning, God made them male and female..."  If people were only created/evolved in the last few 100,000 years according to evol theory, then they certainly were not created "in the beginning".  So changing the interpretation of Genesis also leads to changing the truth of what Jesus said. 

But for me the interesting things were the evidences against the necessity of evolution.  He gave the example of how the Carlsbad limestone caves were originally dated as 260 million years old.  Then that was changed in the 1950s to 7 million years old. Later it was changed to 2 million years old.  Finally the sign was removed completely.  ....   Same cave.  Same evidence.  Different ages.  Why?  well different assumptions and different interpretation.  Science in this is not so straightforward as non-scientists seem to think.  

How about formation of stalactites?  Supposedly it takes thousands or millions of years to form... 0.13mm per year...  but, there are man-made mine caves less than 100 years old which have sprouted Stalactites which are almost twenty feet long... which at the average rate would make them 24000 years old.  Obviously, some of the estimates and assumptions do not match the known evidence. 

He pointed out that Darwin said the number of transition fossils should vastly outnumber the endpoint fossils. To date it is still difficult to prove that any one fossil is a transition fossil, never mind that there should be countless undeniable numbers of them, not just one or two scattered possibilities.  Both Jay Gould and ___ Patterson experts in paleontology have apparently agreed on this point, and yet they are evolutionists.  

The speaker himself has a degree in science (biology/paleontology) and diploma in Education and was an atheist until the age of 19.  At that time he became a Christian when shown the poverty of evolution theory.  He claims to be an exception to the rule that apologetics do not convert people, since it was directly the evidence against evolution that converted him to follow Christ.  He has been speaking against evolution for the last 40 years, and as a travelling ministry for the last 17 years. 

Now I'm off to read a book called, "Evolution's Achilles Heels", written by 9 PhD scientists from Australia, New Zealand, USA, Romania, and Canada with forward written by another PhD and the book edited by yet one more PhD.   I personally don't think you have to be a PhD to understand all this evidence, but for those impressed by titles...    It is only 260 pages, and should be an interesting read.  


Edwin, had commented some time ago, about John and I going back and forth, and maybe missing the original point of his article, as Edwin saw it.  As comments passed back and forth, it was obvious that we didn’t see eye to eye on the issue of evolution or creation, and of course that debate spilled over into other areas of theology, which may or may not be related, depending on how you see the implications. Then John brings a Philip Westra perspective and concern into the picture.  What I’m seeing, is that everyone has a box, John, Edwin, Philip, myself and others.  And somehow we all think my own box of correct Biblical interpretation is the only valid one.  Is that really true, that my box (and those that agree with me) is the only true box?

The Bible contains 66 different books or letters, written by a large variety of authors, over a long period of time, involving a variety of cultural settings.  Christians, in general, claim that these 66 books, taken together, make up the inspired (therefor true) word of God.  These various books apparently contain a consistent message that somehow hangs together without contradicting itself, although taken from 66 different books.  If there seems to be contradictions, they are only apparent, and it can be shown how conflicts for the most part can be shown to fit together when the apparent conflicting pieces are seen in light of other Scriptures.  Both John and Edwin have tried to show the consistency of their Biblical understanding.  They have also shown how the viewpoint of the other person is inconsistent with the Bible’s message in light of other Scriptures.  We are each trying to present a better argument to demonstrate that I’m right and you are wrong when it comes to the teaching of the Bible.

Theologians have been doing this same thing from before the time of Augustine and have continued right up into the present.  Just think of the multitude of Christian (at least, they call themselves that) denominations that there are at present.  Each denomination has their master theologians such as Calvin, Zwingli, Luther (the list could get extensive).  There the Pentecostals, Presbyterians, Baptists, Freewill Baptists, Particular Baptists, Dispensational Evangelicals, Roman Catholics, Mormons (they think of themselves as Christians), Orthodox, Methodists, each with their own seminaries having a host of Phd theologians on staff.  These theologians think that those outside of their own denomination are misinterpreting the Bible (an inconsistent message with contradictions) and their job, in their own seminary, is to do Biblical research to show how they can make a truly consistent (no contradictions) theology.  But none of these groups agree with each other or they would join together as denominations.  These differences are great enough that these denominations and groups separate from the others and have remained separate for years or centuries.  But each group, although having differences from the others, thinks their group is the only with a consistent theology without inconsistencies.

Yet they all claim the Bible is the inspired word of God and contains no contradictions (unless you look across the fence at another denomination). Reformed denominations have defined their basic theology by the three ecumenical creeds and the three forms of unity.  But there are few other denominations that would agree with those confessions, especially, the Canons of Dort.  But these Creeds and Confessions, in the Reformed mind, is what demonstrates the Bible’s consistent and noncontradictory message.  But even within the CRC confessional group there are those who look over the fence and try to wed Arminian theology to a five point Calvinistic theology, making their own box a little different from the denomination’s but showing from Scripture how their own box makes the best sense.

Within a given denomination, say the CRC, there comes a time when they want to ordain women deacons, elders, and ministers.  But the Bible clearly teaches that women are not to have authority over men.  So the CRC theologians get to work to show how maybe it’s time for a change and now when seen correctly, the Bible can teach that both men and women can have authority in the church and hold these positions.  How about a man being the head of his household, once understood differently than today, thanks to the good work of our theologians.  As in other denominations. a homosexual lifestyle will be approved for membership and service in the CRC, thanks to our theologians who will be able to bend Scripture to say what we want and call it a consistent Bible message of God’s love and justice.  I think many are working on that one even now.

All this happens, despite, the Bible’s teaching that the Holy Spirit will lead his church in all truth. So what does this all say about the differences that John, Edwin, Philip, and a hundred others (including myself) have as to what the Bible really teaches?  Does John really have the only truly consistent box, or is it Ed?  I will admit the many inconsistencies of the Bible.  You are fooling yourself if you think otherwise.  In fact they are glaring, such as with the teaching of Jesus and Paul as to salvation.  I think it may be better to make a choice, and I will choose Jesus.  His teaching is so much more reasonable and fits with common logic.  Have a great weekend.


You are right it is primary to consider what God is saying to us.  But it is debatable that what you are looking at is from God.   It is debatable what is "moving ahead" and what is moving backwards, or regressing.  The world today often thinks that homosex is a completely natural activity, for example.   I would characterize that not as moving ahead, but as regressing to a more primitive state.  The world often wants to promote that all religions and values are equal in value;  this is not "moving ahead" but moving sideways into an absurdity.

During the rennaissance, many enlightened philosophers were heralded as leaders and "lights" of the day.  Many were atheists, agnostics or mere spiritualists.   They were thought to be moving ahead, but in fact were often moving backwards to greek philsophy or semblances of it, and side stepping God's authority of creation and redemption of our daily lives.  Some of them planted seeds that led to eugenics, and ethnic cleansing, and to racial superiority.  Racial superiority is a direct natural consequence of the theory of evolution.  Is this what we are moving forward to?

Psychologists consider themselves scientists as well, and have in the past often promoted certain behavioural and psychological theories which have done great harm to individuals as well as to society as a whole.

I'm a scientist too.  I have some understanding of what kinds of evidence are required for a theory to stand up against challenges.   I have a reasonably good understanding of C14 half lifes, and understand how similar principles apply to K-Ar, and other rock-dating methods, etc.  I have seen fossils of pachyrhinosaurus being excavated.   I understand genetics enough to understand selection of characteristics through heredity, and I have some cursory understanding of various types of GMO and GEO.   I understand technological progress and development in the areas of direct seeding, GPS plant protection and nutrient management, robotic milkers, real-time moisture monitoring, 4-R method of crop nutrient management.  I understand that some soils have declined in quality, while other soils have improved in quality in the last fifty years due to improved understanding and management.   To suggest that I want to close my ears is ludicrous.  Might I ask if you have really checked out and come to grips with the scientific objections to the "grand theory of evolution"?  I mean scientific objections, not scriptural objections.   Or perhaps it is you who wants to close your ears?


You know, John, it is only of secondary importance for you to understand me or for me to understand you; what is of primary importance is for us together to understand God.  I am hearing God speak to us via the scientific community, and, frankly, you appear reluctant to listen.  You appear to be listening to what God said to our forefathers centuries ago but to be closing your ears to what God is saying to us now.  Is it so strange that God might be asking us to move ahead in our thinking and in our obedience?  You would not be wanting to close your ears if that were so.

Edwin Walhout


Thanks for your replies, Edwin.  Developmentalism.  That is what you believe in... apparently. Hmm.  See I believe that God develops things, and we develop things... but I believe not in developmentalism.  I believe in God and trust scripture.  

Although the renaissance did believe in enlightenment, but that did not have much to do with God's purpose, but rather with a humanistic approach to life.

So you believe in sin... but have difficulty explaining it, if it is simply a natural outworking of evolution which god used to create.  How could you say that sin is not just a human construct?   Why is sin not just the natural impulses of the evolutionary process?   And if it is, why would god want us to change these predatory impulses?  The predatory impulses which he created?  (I mean lying, stealing, lusting, adultery, cheating, killing....)  

The reason why distinguishing evolution and naturalism is significant, is that naturalism implies that God has nothing to do with evolution.  On the other hand, if God does have something to do with evolution, then you need to ask what and how.  Because evolution certainly defines sin differently than God does. 

You say that Jesus now sits at the right hand of the Father.  That he is ruling in the world.   Where do you think he was sitting when the world was created?   When you attribute progress or "more just" to Canada and USA and Europe (presumably) than Egypt and Greece and Rome I would agree that you are possibly right.  But the issue is not developmentalism.  The issue is God's grace and the witness of Christians.  For example, the abolition of slavery in the USA and the destruction of the slave trade in Britain.  Mostly motivated by christian men.  But keep in mind, the USA was already a country for almost 100 years before that, and settled as colonies 200 years before that.  And not by barbarian hordes.  

Anyway, it is not in citing examples of this and that, which we can prove progress or not.  One nuclear bomb seems to outweigh a lot of progress, especially since it is part of the progress.  Scripture is a better guide.  And scripture promises times of blessing, and a time when Satan is released, that great beast. It also promises a judgement of those who disobey God.  It also promises that there will be a time when no one has to teach his neighbor about God or salvation, because everyone will already know.   But this seems to be heaven itself.   There is no sense of an evolutionary process leading us to become better.   Rather there is a declaration of needing faith and God's spirit, not to evolve, but to become new.  To be born again.    

Thanks for your reply.  At least we are beginning to understand you. 




John, you want me to respond.  OK.

Item # 1. 1) The author </em>(Walhout<em>) frames the whole thing in a reading of history that is simply inaccurate. Purgatory, indulgences, relics, etc. did not form the "backbone of Christianity" 500 years ago. When these became too important, the Reformation happened. To put creation, sin and salvation (think Apostles Creed) on par with these is simply wrong.

     Response.  I  believe in creation, sin and salvation.  I also believe in the Apostles’ Creed.  I would not put the items mentioned “on a par with” more important doctrines.  I am simply affirming that the time has come when God is asking us to re-examine our traditional formulations in the light of scientific discoveries, and if found defective, to improve them.  Who knows, it may even result in another upheaval the size of the Reformation?


Item # 2.  2) Apart from the concluding blurb from a synodical report, Walhout fails to mention anything about how the church has already been wrestling with these issues for the past 150 years. This includes the various ways Genesis 1 has been interpreted well before Darwin came along, the numerous scholars who have described Adam and Eve as the representative head of the human race, and the work of scholars today in wrestling with these questions (i.e. books and articles by the Haarsmas at Calvin College).

            Response.  It is because I have read these and similar books and articles that I have come to the conclusions I have.  There isn’t room in one Banner article to summarize all that; I articulated the insights that such documents have suggested to me.


Item # 3.  3) This article lacks helpful distinctions, such as the difference between evolution and naturalism,
which help us ask and answer the important questions.

     Response.  What one person considers “the important questions” will probably vary from person to person.  I addressed those that were important to me, and in my judgment important for the church as a whole to address.  To expose what the article does not do may help some, but it would be much more helpful to address the items it does propose (as in the next item #4).


Item # 4.  4) He does suggest evolutionary theory calls for a reworking of doctrines like creation, sin and salvation. About sin, he says, "We will have to find a much better way of understanding what sin is, where it comes from, and what its consequences are. Theologians will have to find a new way of articulating a truly biblical doctrine of sin and what effect it has on us." In other words, evolutionary theory will enable theologians to be true to the Bible in our theological articulations. The implication being that now we will really understand the Bible. I think the problems in this are obvious. I am a bit floored that anyone in this forum might suggest that sin and salvaiton are not core doctrines of the Christian faith.

            Response.  I did not suggest that sin and salvation are not core doctrines of the Christian faith.  They are.  I simply suggested that we may need to find a better way of understanding them.  The paradigm of developmentalism will help us to do that.


Item # 5.  5) The author makes a prediction about the future, a prophetic claim, if you will. If history teaches us anything, it teaches us that we humans with our best sciences cannot predict the future. Unless Walhout
received this from God himself (including being from Scripture), he should not put this forward as something that will inevitably happen. Being a false prophet is a serious matter in the Bible."

            Response.  What prediction is he talking about?  That people a millennium from now might look back on our times with amazement?  If so, I do plead guilty.  It’s interesting that he says history teaches us we cannot predict the future, but in this case I am pleading the actual precedent of history, the exact opposite of what my critic suggests!  From where did I receive this?  Where does anyone receive truth from?  All truth is from God.  So, in so far as my article is truthful, of course it comes from God.  I think he misread the article if he says that I am predicting that it “will inevitably happen.”  It appears to me that it will happen, but this is a far cry from inevitability.  And his last comment.  Indeed it is a serious matter to be a false prophet.  However, perhaps my critic should raise a mirror.  What if it turns out I am right and he is wrong?  Would that make him the false prophet?

Edwin Walhout


John and Roger,

You both are surprised that I think God is succeeding in making the human race better.  You point out a long list of evils, seemingly proving that we are getting worse instead of better.  May I suggest that you have clearer eyes to see what Satan is doing than what God is doing?  The evils you point out highlight the task that remains to be done, but it does nothing to delineate the progress the gospel is making.

            Recall that Jesus said, prior to his ascension, that all authority in heaven and on earth belongs now to him.  If the world is getting worse instead of better, would this not negate Jesus’ affirmation?  We say now that Jesus sits at God’s right hand.  What do you think that means?  It means that God, who has absolute authority over everything he has created, is now exercising that authority by means of his  “right hand man” Jesus, that is, by the gospel preached by the church and effectuated by the Holy Spirit.

            Then, when we put all that in the context of Genesis One, image of God and cultural mandate, we see that God is slowly getting us, the human race, to learn how to be the humans God wants us to become.  That includes everything we do, not only as individuals but also as nations and as an entire human race.  Actually, it is precisely in the effect of the gospel on our cultural institutions that we must learn to see the power of Christ at work, not only in our personal lives.  Are the United States and Canada more just societies than ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome?  How can you doubt it?  That is because the gospel has had enormous effect in transforming our barbarian ancestors in Europe into the constructive nations of the western world.  The evils you point out, accordingly, point to the task remaining to be done.

            Another item on a somewhat different tack.  God is calling us today in the twenty-first century to listen to what he is saying via the scientific community.  John, you are concerned with the gaps in scientific knowledge, rightly perhaps, but we need to listen when such matters as the age of the universe, the construction of the planets, the appearance of life, the provenance of the human race, and other dramatic breakthroughs such as the genome list – when these things are demonstrated to be true.  I personally believe we need to adopt an entirely different paradigm around which to reconstruct our theology, a paradigm of developmentalism.  You will both recognize that if we do that, then the notion of God guiding us into a better and better life by means of the gospel makes a lot more sense.

Edwin Walhout


Roger, thanks for your reply.  Your last comments have been very revealing and put other of your comments into perspective.  I will only say something about your reference to Jesus comment that only God is good.  Just as many of Jesus statements (ie. about his death and resurrection) were not understood until later, so this one too is understood later  as ironical.  The Jews were only saying that Jesus was a good man.... maybe like Job, or King David, or Elijah.   But Jesus pointed out that because no one was truly  "good", as the Psalms pointed out (and they would have understood this alluded reference), Job, David and Elijah were also not truly good.  Therefore, if Jesus was truly good, then he would also be God.  If he was God, then he could be truly good.  So this statement does not deny the divinity of Christ in any way, but hints at the truth of their description of Jesus as good.



At the risk of  overloading Edwin, and of getting Jolanda concerned, I am pasting a quote from Philip Westra from another thread on this topic, which Edwin has never responded to directly.   I would love to hear his response.

"About the article itself: 1) The author (Walhout) frames the whole thing in a reading of history that is simply inaccurate. Purgatory, indulgences, relics, etc. did not form the "backbone of Christianity" 500 years ago. When these became too important, the Reformation happened. To put creation, sin and salvation (think Apostles Creed) on par with these is simply wrong. 2) Apart from the concluding blurb from a synodical report, Walhout fails to mention anything about how the church has already been wrestling with these issues for the past 150 years. This includes the various ways Genesis 1 has been interpreted well before Darwin came along, the numerous scholars who have described Adam and Eve as the representative head of the human race, and the work of scholars today in wrestling with these questions (i.e. books and articles by the Haarsmas at Calvin College). 3) This article lacks helpful distinctions, such as the difference between evolution and naturalism, which help us ask and answer the important questions. 4) He does suggest evolutionary theory calls for a reworking of doctrines like creation, sin and salvation. About sin, he says, "We will have to find a much better way of understanding what sin is, where it comes from, and what its consequences are. Theologians will have to find a new way of articulating a truly biblical doctrine of sin and what effect it has on us." In other words, evolutionary theory will enable theologians to be true to the Bible in our theological articulations. The implication being that now we will really understand the Bible. I think the problems in this are obvious. I am a bit floored that anyone in this forum might suggest that sin and salvaiton are not core doctrines of the Christian faith. 5) The author makes a prediction about the future, a prophetic claim, if you will. If history teaches us anything, it teaches us that we humans with our best sciences cannot predict the future. Unless Walhout received this from God himself (including being from Scripture), he should not put this forward as something that will inevitably happen. Being a false prophet is a serious matter in the Bible."


Hi all.  Thanks, John, for pointing out, from Scripture, the bleakness of the human race, and you might as well include the creation that groans along with humanity (according to Paul).  Humanity, culture and all of creation is in one sad state according to Scripture.  And that is so often the way Christians look at culture and humanity, with a negative lense.  And of course the Reformers do it best.  You might think that the Reformed cultural mandate would make a difference, but in reality that mandate is more a separatist movement, Christians separating from the world in order to say we can do it better.  Christian education (grades K - 12) looks at secular education as the playground of the devil.  So thinking they can do better, they build separatist Christian schools.  Is this what you call a Christian cultural mandate?  The Reformers build their separatist colleges and universities (Abraham Kuyper) and when the first ones they build become polluted they separate and build new ones again.  Christians form their own labor unions to separate from secular unions.  Science foundations separate from the secular so they can do true science.  And there are many other areas where Christians look negatively at their surrounding world and shake their finger.  That negative Christian perspective has left its influence on Western culture.  So when Edwin thinks we can see and encourage a sense of growing good in culture Christianity, especially the Reformed side says, you gotta be kidden; what glasses are you wearing?

Now, for your quotes from the Jewish Scriptures, regarding the total corruption of people.  Christianity has nicely piggybacked upon the Jewish religion, changing completely the character of the Jewish faith.  The Jewish experts and scholars from the time of Christ to present have never thought that Christianity has been any kind of culmination or fulfillment of their religion.  That is only the  Christian perception.  Jews have thought that Christians have defiled their own Scriptures by interpreting their Scriptures through the lens of the New Testament.  Now the Mormons believe that they can do the same thing to the Christian faith by rightly interpreting the Christian Bible through the lens of the book of Mormon.  And now Christians, like the Jews did, are crying foul play.  Piggyback upon piggyback.  I’m glad you included the quote from Jesus who includes himself among humanity as not being good, but credits God only as good.  I know you’ll will have something to say about that, but taken in the normal sense as Jesus said these words it supports the idea of Jesus as a insightful teacher, rather than the second person of the Trinity.

Now your final question.  Yes, I do know a fair share about Christianity, as that is my background from childhood on.  But now, I do not claim or follow any formal religion.  As I have said previously in this string of responses, I believe all religions are an attempt to explain the God who reveals himself in creation.  Religions go to great lengths to fill in what they think are the gaps and what God himself has failed to reveal to humankind in creation.  And most religions have an archaic foundation, including Christianity.  I try not to formulate a religion of my own or follow one.  If I did, I would probably be accused of formulating my own religion.  For me, creation is enough to tell me there is an incredible creator God and his preservation of the world is enough to tell me he cares for his world, including humanity (even me).  People come along in history (whether God has sent them, I don’t know) who are insightful and worth listening to.  But I realize that by saying too much, I may be shown to be wrong in the future, so perhaps the less said, the better.


So tell us what you think, Jolanda.  :)  <-  this is my poor immitation of a smile emoticon....  


Edwin, I agree God's work progresses.  I am just reading Revelations now, and it is fascinating (and a bit confusing).  Everytime I read it I see it differently.  I also agree that it is entirely plausible that as people become Christians, they influence society for the good.  I'm not sure that I would equate technology with social progress, but nevertheless, technology is fascinating and can certainly be used for good.  But it can also be used for evil, and often it has.  We all know that nuclear fission can make bombs or useable energy.  Cars can save lives, or destroy lives. Art can glorify God, or mock God.  

Man was created in God's image.  "Let us create man in our image"  Man was created to rule over every creature on earth.  Plants were given to mankind and to the animals for food.  It happened right then and there.  No progression necessary.  It doesn't say man would rule over some of the animals at first and slowly more and more animals.  It doesn't say that man was an animal but would rise above the rest.  It's kind of important as to what it doesn't say, don't you think?  

Then, Genesis 3:  22 And the Lord God said, “The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever.” 23 So the Lord God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken.  Man had already achieved everything he needed.  But then he disobeyed God, and now he knows good and evil.  So now he cannot live forever.  Unless he obeys God in repentance... then living forever with God is a promise.  With God, promise made; promise kept.  

So, should I be concentrating on the advances "we" human beings have made?  Well, I do see some progress which I appreciate.  I like most of the modern conveniences.  I like being warm in winter, having enough food on the table, and a warm soft bed to sleep in.  I like not having to work 16 hours a day, six days a week.  I like the reduction of slavery.  I like what scientific research has done for food production, soil conservation, clean drinking water, clean air emission reductions.  Its great.  But I'm concerned that we will take the credit, rather than giving thanks to God.  That our progress will be like the wheat in the barn of the farmer in Jesus parable.  The farmer built his barns, took his pride, and God took his life.  

In this century more people have died in wars and starvation and genocide than any other century that we are aware of.  Maybe just because there are more people.  So while I see technological progress, and while I do see some blessings of God on those nations that honor God, I do not see an evolutionary progress as a whole.  In God-fearing nations, we are finding fewer people attending church and fewer people claiming to be Christian than in past decades and centuries.  Materialism and hedonism often replaces worship.  If our "progress" is a result of God working in us, in our hearts, then we might wonder what the apparent spiritual decline might portend for the future of this "progress".  

It would seem to me that putting your trust in evolutionary progress is trusting in a false god.  Rather, Isaiah 65, I peter 3, and Revelations 21 talk about a new heaven and new earth.  This does not appear to be a gradual progression or improvement of the old.  

There will be no more death’ or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.”  5 He who was seated on the throne said, “I am making everything new!” Then he said, “Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”  6 He said to me: “It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. To the thirsty I will give water without cost from the spring of the water of life.7 Those who are victorious will inherit all this, and I will be their God and they will be my children. 8 But the cowardly, the unbelieving, the vile, the murderers, the sexually immoral, those who practice magic arts, the idolaters and all liars—they will be consigned to the fiery lake of burning sulfur. This is the second death."   "...Rev 22:5 There will be no more night. They will not need the light of a lamp or the light of the sun, for the Lord God will give them light."


The fool says in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt, their deeds are vile; there is no one who does good. Psalm 14.  ...All have turned away, all have become corrupt; there is no one who does good, not even one.   Psalm 53 - The fool says in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt, and their ways are vile; there is no one who does good....  Everyone has turned away, all have become corrupt; there is no one who does good, not even one.  Mark 10 - “Why do you call me good?” Jesus answered. “No one is good—except God alone.

So you see, Roger, Paul did not dream up total depravity.  He had read the Psalms of David (the righteous king), and knew the words of Jesus. 

But I agree that being negative about everything is .. well. its negative.  Still you are right, that you cannot appreciate Christ, and cannot appreciate the gospel, and God's goodness, unless you realize how far we are from what God made us to be.  

Scripture seems to indicate it will get worse before it gets better.  It will get worse before the end.  But yet, God's grace will remain.  Paul and Silas were singing songs of praise to God when they were in prison.  It seemed quite bad for them... but then, not quite.  

I'm wondering what religion you actually follow, Roger.  It seems you know a lot about christianity, and about reformed theology, and yet don't accept it.  You have hinted that Jesus is not God, that he is just a good teacher to follow, and that scripture contradicts itself, especially Paul's epistles probably shouldn't be scripture.  So I'm curious.  Or did I get you wrong?


Hear, hear Edwin.  I like your comments that direct us toward the advances and progress that are being made in history.  There may be plenty of evil, but culturally and politically our societies are making progress.  I can’t tell you the name of the project or the authors, but recently a research project pointed out that today there are many less homicides per capita committed than in the past decades or centuries. 

It may not seem it, but if we focus on the negative we will not see or appreciate the good.  Christianity tends to focus on the sin of a society and individuals; we are part of a fallen world.  Sin will only increase until God intervenes.  So it’s a difficult thing to see and appreciate the good that is taking place outside the narrow confines of the church.  Christian theology tends to belittle the good, with many Christians longing for the good old days and belittling the progress being made in the areas of science, technology and cultural growth.  Even Christian evangelism tends to point toward the negative.  The good of the gospel cannot be recognized until the evil is first recognized, especially personally, and confessed.  So there is no good news until the bad is recognized.  Christians are very good at pointing the evil.  And of course, Paul is one of the greatest contributors to this negativity (total depravity).

The progress that you point out, Edwin, can be seen as the slow development of the human race (whether it takes hundreds of years or thousands, or more) It can be attributed to God and his mysterious intervention or to the long and slow process of evolution, also attributed to God.  But Christianity, on the whole, will have a difficult time acknowledging any progress, because to them the world is on its way to hell in a hand basket.

And thank you, Jolanda, for the reminders to be kind and to stay on target.  We love you.


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John, You ask, “Your perpective on the human race slowly learning to live as images of God.... where do you get that from?”  Answer: Genesis 1-3, the rest of the Bible, and history.  What Genesis One tells us about the image of God and the cultural mandate means that God intends to have a human race that subdues the earth as his image.  Then Genesis Three tells us that God is not getting it from the humans he brought into existence.  Then the rest of the Bible tells us what God is doing to bring the human race along, step by step, in the direction of what he wants f rom us.  First Abraham taken out of the polytheistic culture of Babylon.  Then the nation of Israel to be shaped into a holy nation by the Torah given to Moses at Mount Sinai.  Then David and Solomon to typify something of the kingdom of God.  Then the Babylonian Captivity to eradicate all vestiges of idolatry.   Then Jesus to begin the process of expanding the work of salvation to all nations.  And so on till our times when the gospel continues to draw people from all nations into the kingdom of God.  Wherever large numbers of people follow the Lord Jesus, there we see significant advances in people working for justice, truth, integrity and all kinds of virtues that image God.  The result can be seen by comparing the best of Christian civilization with any and all other civilizations.

            John, you cite the imperfections that still plague us, but you should be concentrating on the huge advances we have made, or better, that God has made in the human world, recognizing that the evil that exists is still there for us to overcome by the help of the Spirit of God.  But always go back to Genesis One to define the goal toward which God is leading us, and do not belittle the effectiveness of the gospel in history.  Consider that it was the gospel that changed the barbarian tribes that overran the Roman Empire from marauding destroyers to the creators of a magnificent new civilization beginning in  Europe.  Don’t despise the real beginnings and the real progress that God has made in shaping the world as he wishes it to become.  God’s work is a work in progress.

Edwin Walhout


I would like to start a new stream in this discussion given that this week there are some high powered government and UN meetings in this topic. But rather than come at it from a high level, I would like to look inward a bit more.

Here is a little incident spurred by the Banner of what happened yesterday:

I was encouraged to cycle, walk or take transit to church. Great idea. The bus and three transfers got me there.

In a very good sermon by a Pastor who had flown in from a far away place, a comment was made the the ex Executive Director of the CRCNA and the President of Calvin Seminary we going to visit Egypt.  And I am "encouraged to cycle, walk or take transit"....... What am I missing?

The CRCNA has broad distribution of ministries across the globe. World Missions, Back to God Ministries International and World Renew each have Program Managers who manage overseas projects, these Managers each have Directors who manage these Program Mangers and these Directors have an Executive Director (s) (maybe two or three right now, in this transition to Dr. Timmermans).

Synod has declared that they might agree with scientists that Climate Change (used to be called Global Warming and Ice Age when I was a kid because it was sure cold in Canada between 1954-1959) is caused by humans. In that case I would like an accounting of the "energy footprint" that the CRCNA had in 2012, 2013 and so far this year. To keep it simple, I would like to know the amount of money that was spent in those years to fly CRCNA Head office staff around the world, including N.A. The information does not need to include costs of transporting actual Missionaries, WR volunteers, CRCNA Board Members and Partners of BTGMI overseas. Just CRCNA employees normally resident in GR, Burlington, Chicago or wherever else in North America. As this issue was "top of mind" at Synod I am sure the information is readily available.

Now that Missionaries have to fund themselves to 90% by year x it might be interesting to know what the travel costs by CRCNA HO is to manage these Missionaries. For full disclosure purposes it should include Class (1st, Business, Economy, other) as well. If church process requires a request for this information via a church Council or Classis I am sure someone will tell me that.




Roger, you are very close to understanding the truth.  The central teaching of Jesus as propitiation you have stated well, but then seem to say that Jesus was just a good teacher.  When I mention God, or Jesus, since they are the same, it is only for aspect or emphasis, not for distinction.  As for works, its not that they count for nothing at all.  They have their rewards as Jesus often said.  But they do count for nothing in terms of eliminating guilt.  The thief on the cross was saved in spite of not having an opportunity to do any works after his faith, and after his repentance.  His guilt was not removed by his own doing, but only by God's grace, by the grace of Jesus Christ.  If works were required, he could not have been saved. 


Now for a comment especially for you, Edwin.  Again, I appreciate your perspective.  And I agree that we have got off target.  I think the original article can easily lead into other areas, as it has seemed to have happened here.  I don’t expect either you, Edwin or John, to agree with me in the least.  That’s ok, but at least you will know where I’m coming from.  

I think all religions are manmade and are an attempt to explain the God who has revealed himself in creation.  Most religions are ancient and are archaic in many of their basic premises.  And certainly scientists today have a host of doubts when someone tells them that the earth, life and even human beings were all created in a matter of six days.  Not only do scientists have to defend themselves against the likes of Christians, but also Hindus, Muslims, Mormons and a host of other religions that have their own ideas on origins, because these other ideas of origins come from their inspired Scriptures just as Christians assert.  Like other ancient religions, Christianity has a central theme (just one of several)  of the wars of the gods (the creator God and the demigod, Satan) who are in constant battle from the beginning of time and will culminate at the end of time.   Also, like the many other religions, Christianity’s God acts outside of the created order and laws (such as with creation and a multitude of other miracles).  

I think that creation tells us enough about God that I can stand in awe of him and desire to honor him with my life.  And when someone as insightful as Jesus appears on the scene, it is cause enough to stand up and listen.  In the fact that Jesus’ teachings makes so much sense, I could easily feel I’m a follower of Jesus, myself.  But it would be very difficult to feel the same for Paul, who seems to have a very different perspective and emphasis on God and finding acceptance with him.

Also the personal nature that Christians portray God having with Christians raises flags for me.  Prayer and the leading of the Holy Spirit are the impetuses for such thoughts of a personal God. They both are very subjective.  When someone asks, what would Jesus want me to do, what they really mean is what do “I think” Jesus would want me to do, or what do I want Jesus to tell me to do in any given situation.  The Holy Spirit can be thought to have led people and groups in a thousand different directions.  And yet the Holy Spirit leads in all truth.  I wonder if looking for the Spirit’s voice is no different than let your conscience be your guide.  As to prayer, a person can feel that in a given situation God has answered their prayers (healing from cancer) but at the same time a hundred other Christians pray for the same but never recover.  Then there is all kinds of rationalizing, as to the answers we get in regard to prayer, even though Jesus taught on more than one occasion that we could pray for anything we want and we will be given what we prayed for. I don’t think that the creation reveals these things but from the beginning of time people have been crying out to the gods with no more success than Christians.  Maybe having a personal God is part of the myth of made up religions.  Does God care for his creation?  In my mind, definitely. He has brought it into existence in one way or another and preserves it wonderfully.  Why would I doubt his care of his world.  But a personal relationship?

So you see how easily questions (or doubts) about creation and evolution can lead to other areas of concern?  Or maybe, more than likely, I’m not very disciplined in staying on track.


This gets difficult when trying to respond to two people that seem to hold somewhat different positions.  I appreciate your input and distinctions.  Edwin, you’re right when you categorize me as the flaming liberal (I know, you didn’t quite say that).  In my responses I’ve wanted to show that from within the Christian faith (especially the Reformed faith) that there are inconsistencies.  It’s arguing from within a prepsuppositional apologetic the inconsistencies or unreasonableness of the Christian religion. But if I disregard the Christian presuppositions then that pretty much ends the debate right there.  It would be like a Hindu arguing with a Christian.  You can’t argue two completely different religions and expect to get anywhere.

As I understand the Christian religion (and I think there is no other way to understand it), Christianity is different from all other religions.  The difference is that Jesus, who is God in the fullest sense, came to earth from heaven to pay the supreme price for sin.  It is only in Jesus that there is salvation and apart from him, there is no salvation.  He is the propitiation by which he appeased the wrath of God against sinners.  And since all people are sinners (even come in the world as sinners) all are deserving of eternal damnation. Apart from Jesus and his payment for sin all are destined for hell.  No other religion offers such a perspective on the condition of the human race or on such a plan for the salvation of people.  It is unique.  Jesus is the cornerstone, not only by his example, but especially by who he is and  what he has done to accomplish salvation, making payment for sin.  Apart from Christ’s saving work all are lost, because all are sinners. The good a person does counts for nothing because sin negates any good a person may have thought he has done.

I haven’t really heard too much from either John or Edwin on this central teaching of Christianity.  It is only by faith in this saving work of Christ, that a person can experience salvation in the present and for eternity.  And even this faith comes from God, given only to the elect. (Side note: Arminians believe that Jesus came for the salvation of all and all can respond.)  This is the faith and rescue that the apostle Paul speaks about when he describes his struggle with sin.  This is the faith that Paul agues for in his letters.  It is a specific faith with a specific object.  And there is no other faith that will save. “There is no other name under heaven...”  This is the heart of Christianity.

John, you have talked a lot about God, but not so much about Jesus, and you have said a lot about faith, but not the object of faith.  And Edwin, although you seem to acknowledge Jesus as fully God, and miraculously taking on a human nature, you don’t say much about this necessary propitiation made by Jesus or the helpless state of human kind.

Once again about “faith,” John.  “Just have faith and you will be ok.”  That’s what a lot of people might say.  But not Paul.  But, in contrast to Paul, when Jesus talked about faith the object of faith would change according to the situation.  When the author of Hebrews talks about faith, the object of faith varies.  “It was by faith that Abel brought a more acceptable offering to God than Cain did. Abel’s offering gave evidence that he was a righteous man, and God showed his approval of his gifts.”  The object of faith was the sufficiency of his offering to God (works).  No propitiation necessary.  By faith Noah built the ark.  By faith Abraham left his homeland.  None of these mention the propitiation of another, but trust that they were doing (what God asked of them).  They all believed they could please God.  Anyone who truly believes in God will trust that their attempts to please God (love for God and neighbor) will be accepted by him.  That’s not the faith Paul is talking about.  You don’t trust your efforts even with faith in God.  They won’t do it. Propitiation has to be made.  And once again Paul and Jesus are at odds.  Jesus says the difference between heaven and hell is in loving others, and by loving others you demonstrate your love for God.  And Jesus’ teaching was revolutionary, especially in the context of what the Jewish religion had become.  Paul’s addition is not just a new twist to what Jesus teaches, but different altogether.  I don’t know how to make myself any clearer.

It seems to me, whether you acknowledge Jesus as God or not, whether you acknowledge him as a prophet sent by God, or whether he was just very insightful into where the Jewish religion (which he was part of) had gone amuck, however you see him, his teaching was insightful in his context, as well as insightful for all people in any age. He taught we could please God.  It was his teaching and his insight into given situations that made him revolutionary.   It’s here that you will fault me to no end.  Paul came along and made an idol of Jesus, something I don’t think Jesus wanted for himself.  Jesus came to teach a new way, the way of love.  But now realize that many or most religions teach the same thing, perhaps with a different prophet.  It’s just that Jesus is the teacher par excellence, at least in my thinking.

Well, I see that another response has come in from John.  I'll send this as is, and then respond to the next responses later.  Wishing both of you health and happiness (God's rich blessings).



I can see how your perspective on evolution has influenced your theology and philosophy of life, Edwin.  Evolution is a religion of progress.  Progress defined as ever improving physically and materially and socially.  You have added in a mystical spiritual element to this "progress".  You have also redefined the work of the gospel and the church as bringing about a civilization, rather than bringing about  a relationship to God.  A kind of heaven on earth.

This highlights a distinction between two perspectives.   One perspective is that if we do all the right things, follow the virtues, make the right laws, and work for social change on this earth, that society will become better.  That this is the renewal of the earth that we are looking for.  The other perspective is that evangelism changes the hearts of men and that when their hearts are changed, they will act in accordance with the will of God, and it will reflect in their influence on society.  The first emphasizes the kingdom on earth.   The second realizes that God's kingdom will only be complete in heaven.

Your perpective on the human race slowly learning to live as images of God.... where do you get that from?  what evidence do you have for that?  How do you measure the progress?   Do you base that on World War II being more God-imaging than world war I?  Do you compare ISIS to the Babylonians or the ancient Israel, and say they are more civilized?  What is your criteria?

You say that not just the church but the entire human race creates a civilization that truth, love and justice and goodness characterizes everything we do collectively.   Or should.  But on what basis?  Where is the standard for this?   What makes this better than the standards of the Russian mob, or ISIS, or Hitler, or Pol Pot or Stalin?  

Is your concept of evolution entirely different than the common view, or is it the same, which includes random change(mutations), survival of the fittest, adaptation and selection, and extinctions of the less adaptable?


It's interesting where this discussion is going.  Roger and John going at it together, following up on their own problems and insights.

As I recall, what triggered this exchange was some comments I made about the effect of a developmental process on our theology.  We have wandered somewhat from that topic into items that have been debated for years, all the way back to Dort.  Concerning Roger's idea that Paul and Jesus contradict each other - I have recently written a commentary on the Gospel of John and on the Book of Romans.  I have found no contradiction whatever between the what John says about Jesus and what Paul writes.  But now here is something else you might wish to chew on.

THE TRINITY.  Ihave examined three distinct doctrines of trinity, that of the Apostles’ Creed, of the Athanasian and Nicene Creeds, and of neo-orthodoxy.  There may well be others that have appeared here and there in the history of theology, with which I am not conversant.  I have done my best to delineate and distinguish these three, and to push hard for a return to the basic Biblical viewpoint of the Apostles’ Creed.

God the Father is the creator of the heaven and the earth, the entire universe.  He is and remains in absolute sovereign control over everything he has created, including not only the vast reaches of space but the ongoing process of human civilization.  He therefore has a divine plan and purpose toward which he is guiding all things, and has produced a human race to effectuate that purpose.  That human race has emerged slowly out of animal origins and is slowly learning how to live as images of God.

We find ourselves in the twenty-first century at a certain place in that historical development, one which we can easily recognize as a definite improvement over sheer animality but nowhere near the perfection of humanity that God intends.  So we need to accept that vision, learn as best we can from what God has been showing us how to live and how to proceed.  We must not become mired in the past or in the present, but recognize that we are in process, on a journey, toward a destination, and therefore that we need to be open to the constant nudging and and prodding of God through whatever means he chooses to speak.

Jesus the Son, the second person of the trinity, is and remains the touchstone of our faith.  It is he, both in his life and in his teaching, who is the constant reference point of truth and life.  He incarnates the absolute best of what God wants from the entire human race.  He is the Man who incarnates perfectly what Genesis One pictures first as adam, created to image God in its subjugation of the earth.  There is no other such person.  Only Jesus, born miraculously of the virgin Mary such that he is not only the Son of God but also the Son of Man, born of a woman.  Jesus meets temptation and overcomes it.  He understands people who do not know very well what it means to serve the Lord God.  He puts himself at their disposal such that he allows them to execute him on the cross.  He also puts himself at the disposal of God in heaven such that he trusts the creator to raise him from the dead.  Having done all he could in one human life he ascends into the clouds, gone forever, leaving the field to his and God’s Spirit.

The Holy Spirit.  So we understand that God the Father is now exercising his divine control and sovereign direction of history by means of what his Son Jesus has done on earth.  That is, by means of the gospel and the church of Jesus Christ, empowered by the Holy Spirit.  What God sent Jesus to accomplish is now being carried on by those who believe in Jesus and who follow him as best they can.  It is always God’s purpose and God’s instruction and God’s guidance that is in control, but since the time of Jesus this purpose of God is channeled through what Jesus has done and revealed, and thus by the Holy Spirit working in committed Christian believers.

But it is of paramount importance to keep our understanding of this process in Genesis perspective.  That is, of the explanation that humans are to subdue the earth and gain dominion over it in such a way as to image God in that process.  We are talking here of human civilization.  God’s desire is that we humans create a civilization, all of it, in such a way that the virtues of truth and love and justice and all around goodness characterizes all of our politics, economics, education, health services, business, and everything else that we do collectively.  All of us, not just the church, but the entire human race.  That’s the work of the gospel, of the church, to bring about that kind of civilization.  So that, let us confess, is the work of the Holy Spirit, the third item in the Christian trinity.

Edwin Walhout


Roger, wow... lots of words.  I do that too sometimes.   You might enjoy some of George MacDonald's books;  he influenced CS Lewis quite a bit, and hints at some of what you say in one or two of his fiction novels.  He suggests thru one of his characters that when someone is interested in doing good, he is halfway to getting to know God.  

Anyway, I wonder if you missed my comment on what Jesus said to the woman who annointed him with oil.   He said, "Your faith has saved you."   He did not say your good work has saved you.  So Jesus is basically saying that faith is evident thu action.  It's true he did commend the good samaritan in the parable, by saying to those who claimed to want to serve God should do likewise.  However, it seems to be that obedience must be done in faith and trust, not in the works themselves, but in the creator and redeemer.  If our good works honor ourselves, they become useless to save.  If they honor God, they become evidence of our faith in God ( not faith in our works).  Again, remember when Jesus said there will be those who claim God's favor because of their actions, their good works, and God will say, "I never knew you".  The reason is that those works were done to make self better, and perhaps proud, and were self-centered, rather than God-centered.  Jesus said the first will be last and the last will be first, because of this, or in connection with this thought,  I believe.  

Also, the apostle Paul also balances faith and works in this way:  "What then? Shall we sin because we are not under the law but under grace? By no means! 16 Don’t you know that when you offer yourselves to someone as obedient slaves, you are slaves of the one you obey—whether you are slaves to sin, which leads to death, or to obedience, which leads to righteousness? 17 But thanks be to God that, though you used to be slaves to sin, you have come to obey from your heart the pattern of teaching that has now claimed your allegiance. 18 You have been set free from sin and have become slaves to righteousness."  Rom 6.

So works without faith are not what God desires.  That is not real obedience.  Faith without works is dead, and is also not real obedience, and is not pleasing to God.  Real faith is inseparable from the obedience and the works that accompany it. 

Each age and situation has its own temptations.  The temptation to try to earn God's favor simply thru laws and rules, especially by continually making even more rules, is always there.  The "teachers of the law" had this, and it was to them that Jesus said they must be obedient by serving and loving neighbors, the less fortunate and less powerful, not just by being "good" religious people.  And what Jesus emphasized in fact, was their inability to keep the real law of God.  He showed this by mentioning that they used their gifts to church to neglect their parents, and by mentioning that not just murder but hatred, and not just adultery but lust was already breaking the law.  

Loving their neighbors and serving the less fortunate would be evidence of their faith in God, rather than faith in themselves and in their own ability to keep the law.  

Paul on the other hand was writing to a variety, both those who emphasized God's grace, and those who tried to earn God's grace by works, and those who took advantage of God's grace thru disobedience.  Grace through faith, not works.   But the disobedient would not inherit.  He wanted to strike the right balance, and make the balance clear.  James wanted to do the same thing.  John also,  when he says, those who love God can no longer keep on sinning.  

I believe God  said, be ye holy as I am holy?  Therefore, with minds that are alert and fully sober, set your hope on the grace to be brought to you when Jesus Christ is revealed at his coming. 14 As obedient children, do not conform to the evil desires you had when you lived in ignorance. 15 But just as he who called you is holy, so be holy in all you do; 16 for it is written: “Be holy, because I am holy.”[a] I Peter 1. 

When you talk about grading good works, how do you deal with it?  Some say, I hope my good works outweigh my bad.  I've never murdered anyone.  Is a B+ a pass, while a B- is a fail?   How many good works are needed?  

Now to comment on your reference to Arminianism.  You refer to the universalism, but usually arminianism is referred to in the ability of someone to reject the gospel call.  With reference to the universalistic aspect,  I heard a preacher in a community church once preach that Jesus came to save everyone, that God loves everyone.  Well, that is scriptural, isn't it...  John 3:16:   God so loved the world, that he gave his son, that whoever believes might be saved.   But I said to the preacher (not a CRC), that his sermon might be seen to lack balance, because I knew he was not a universalist.  And even John 3:17 says that those who do not believe are condemned already.  He agreed, and at his bible study that week he pointed this out.  We agreed that Jesus death was sufficient for everyone, but not everyone would benefit.  So at a practical level, we must be careful not to overjudge, or to push people into a position not of their own making.  

I have heard it said by a reformed that because salvation is a free gift, we have to do nothing to be saved.  God does it all.  What about believing, I asked.  Do we have to believe?  The reply was that our believing did not save us, but Jesus saved us thru his work, his choice, his selection.  Our belief is because of our salvation, and does not cause it.  Well that seems to be true, but it is not balanced, because even scripture clearly says we must believe and have faith to be saved. Gal 2:16, Rom. 10:9-10.  This is an example of over- doctrinalizing to the point of contradicting certain statements of scripture.  If we are not allowed to say certain things even though scripture does say them, then our doctrines have become the sort of extra rules that Jesus did not approve of from the pharisees and sadducees.  

We dont' want to let our semantics kill us do we?  But I will say that if someone says he believes on God in spite of God, rather than because of God's spirit working in him, then we know that he is a true hyper-arminianist, who is like the man who enters the wedding feast but refuses to put on the robe of righteousness, because he thinks he is righteous enough already on his own.  

Have a good week. 


Hey John, it’s not always easy to get thoughts put into words.  Sometimes I’m in such a hurry to get something on paper that I step on my tail in the process. And afterward, I wonder if I should have made a particular comment differently.  I think that’s why I go to extremes in making a simple statement. I appreciate your willingness to listen as well as to show some soft edges in your thinking.

But let me say something about your comment in regard to Reformed and Baptist thinking.  From some of your comments elsewhere, I remember you talking about the form of subscription that office bearers sign in the CRC, pledging their allegiance to the three forms of unity. So I’m guessing you are a CRCer.  Now I realize there are a multitude of shades within Baptist denominations.  If we think there is variety in the Reformed denominations, we have nothing on the Baptists.  They have a truckload of them.  But by a very big margin, they tend to be Arminian.  Again, the first definition that my online dictionary gives for Arminianism is, “the doctrinal teachings of Jacobus Arminius or his followers, especially the doctrine that Christ died for all people and not only for the elect.”  There is a Reformed Baptist denomination that would not fall for Arminius’s teaching. Other than that most Baptists are Arminian.  And Calvin is a naughty word.  Now you must realize that the Canons of Dort were formulated to contest vigorously such a view.  And it’s the Canons of Dort that is one of the CRC’s three forms of unity.  This is what officebearers subscribe to, and I’m guessing you, as well.  It has never been thought to be a small difference when it came to the Reformed teachings and the Baptists’, even though many CRCers seek out a Baptist church when they are away on vacation.  Do you ever wonder why that might be?  For the most part, it’s because Baptists tend to be much more experiential in their expressions of faith and worship.  The emphasis is on my experience (my faith) unlike the Reformed who emphasizes what God has done.  Enough of that.

I want to come back to Jesus and Paul.  Thanks for your admission of seeing a difference of emphasis between the two.  Of course you go on to say they are reconciled to each other in the writings of James and John.  So most Christians would say (and perhaps you) that there is only an apparent contradiction.  These two apparent ways of viewing salvation are not really so different, and it only takes a James and John to bring them together into a cohesive whole.  But Luther didn’t quite see it that way when it came to James.  For Luther, there just wasn’t enough of Paul in James’ letter, in fact for Luther James went counter to Paul, and his letter was not worthy of being included in the Bible.  Good thing he didn’t have to sign the Reformed form of subscription.  I hope you realize that the difference of emphasis between Jesus and Paul was not small.  This is where most Christians don’t scrutinize their own beliefs to any great degree.  Most acknowledge the truth of the Bible on a Sunday School education or less, especially if they have just gone forward at a Billy Graham crusade.  And yet this (they claim) is the most important influence in their whole life.

I hope you know how radical the difference is between Paul and Jesus.  By far the greatest emphasis for Jesus is living a life of service to God and neighbor.  In the vast majority, it is what a person has done to glorify God and serve his neighbor that separates a person from going to heaven or hell.  And it’s not that every single thing has to be done with God in one’s mind.  “As you have done this unto one of the least of these, you have done it to me.”  And Jesus doesn’t even call for perfection.  Sure faith is involved.  How could anyone serve his neighbor without having faith that God is pleased with such service.  Unless you are Paul or a Pauline.
Paul tells his readers that works count for nothing.  Everyone is deserving of eternal damnation and is an abomination to God. One sin, not just an inclination to sin, will sentence you to hell.  Even the sin of Adam, credited to all, is enough to (and will) damn you for eternity. Paul, in his discourse on Adam, points out that everyone following Adam up through Moses, when the law was given, was condemned to die.  Why did they all die?  Because they were guilty of Adam’s sin, and not because of their own sin (how could they know without the law?).  Everyone is evil and deserves damnation in Paul’s mind.  I don’t hear this in Jesus’ teaching.  In fact Jesus teaches you can and should do good and in so doing you win God’s favor.  Paul says, no, no!  You can’t do good even if you want to because everyone is helplessly controlled by sin.  Is this really how God looks at us?

Common sense says, tells me to stick to Jesus’ teaching.  Does God really think everyone is so miserable that they deserve an eternity in hell where there will be gnashing of teeth?  Common sense tells me that people were created as people, not as gods with the perfections of God.  God is all knowing, yet he doesn’t expect people to be like him as to knowledge or intellect.  God may be perfectly holy but does he really expect the same degree of holiness from his creatures?  Sure he wants us to be good, but perfectly good?  He did give us a free will, and with a free will, bad choices are bound to be make at times.  And don’t people in general, do a fair amount of good?  I don’t personally know anyone who has murdered another person, and I know very few who have stolen.  But I do know a lot of people that have been kind and loving toward me, whether in the church or outside.  My wife and I are part of a walking group (twice a week) and I doubt that many of them would claim to be Christian (two are atheists).  Yet, when my wife was diagnosed with stage four colon cancer some six months ago, this group along with many other neighbors have reached out and sacrificed for us in so many ways. (Her cancer is already in remission.)  The point is, the great majority of people I know get high grade for goodness.  Their goodness far outweighs their evil.  Common sense tells me that God will look at people and judge their entire life.  To me it sounds like a Jesus emphasis, and he encourages us to live loving and caring lives.  A teacher will judge a student by his/her effort throughout the course.  The student many not get 100%, but he still will likely get an A, B, C, or D, all passing grades.  But according to Paul, God only gives out F’s, no chance for anyone apart from perfection, which is impossible.  If we were to follow the example of God, according to Paul, instead of giving our children a kiss at night and tell them we love them, we would instead tell them how bad they are and that they deserve nothing but damnation.  

On top of this, in Paul’s thought, God never had a purpose to save all, but his intent was to save the chosen few and send the rest into eternal damnation.

In contrast, Jesus’ emphasis was to encourage goodness in those he taught, even self sacrificing goodness or a life of service.  And with attempting such a life, God would be pleased.  Perfection?  You always set the goal at perfection, even if you don’t reach it. But you’re not an utter failure if you don’t reach it.  Makes sense to me.

This is no small difference between Paul and Jesus.  But if I’m not mistaken, the Bible teaches that it was Jesus, who is God, who came to earth to show us the way.   Now it sounds like Paul is trying to correct Jesus, or that Jesus didn’t get the whole story right.  Who am I to argue with God, or to tell him, he got it wrong.  It certainly sounds like an inconsistency to me.

Oh, thanks for the additional comment, that on the other side of grace, Paul calls Christians to sin no more.  Of course it’s on the other side of grace, or after having been chosen in Christ by God.  On the forward side it doesn’t really matter, does it, because for most, they’re going to hell anyway, and God takes no pleasure in one’s attempt to do good.  Again, that’s Paul, not Jesus.


In my experience, both reformed and baptists have said that God is sovereign.   Both give God the credit for salvation in bringing it and providing it.  Both give God the credit for connecting it, one says by determination, the other says by grace and gift of faith.   It gets very close to semantics after that.  It is in limiting God's choices and God's power, that they sometimes differ.   One says God cannot be at the whim of man's choosing, so God determines.  The other says that God cannot determine or force someone to love him, so man's voluntary choice is necessary.  I say that God is all powerful so He can force someone to love him, if He wants.  I also say that if God is all powerful, can He not allow people to make choices, if He wants?   In any case, we have to live our lives, not God's life.  God calls us to trust and obey, not to debate about whether we have a choice or not.


And I should also have added what does Paul say on the other side of grace?   He says, "Shall we sin more, so that grace may abound?  By no means. "  He often said that murderers, adulterers, sexually immoral, perjurers, thieves and lovers of money and others, would not inherit the kingdom of God.   This seems to be works.   But again, it needs to be put into context, and it is obvious to me that Paul and James are saying exactly the same thing.


Roger, I appreciate your comments, and I think I understand what you are saying.   Many/most of your comments in the first two paragraphs I agree with... particularly the questions about how do we decide when the spirit was leading in understanding of scripture.  That is a conundrum.  I understand your comments about the seeming divergence between Jesus and Paul.  I certainly see a difference in emphasis between the two dominant themes as you suggest.   However, the two themes are brought together.  They are brought together in James, and in the epistles of John.  They are also brought together by remembering Jesus saying to the woman who annointed him, "Your faith has saved you" (not her action, not her works).  Also Jesus said, that many would say, " 21 “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. 22 Many will say to me on that day, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name and in your name drive out demons and in your name perform many miracles?’ 23 Then I will tell them plainly, ‘I never knew you. Away from me, you evildoers!’  They prophecied, drove out demons and performed miracles.  Are these not good works?   Yes, they are somewhat rituals, and yet Jesus disciples did them too, and Jesus did not condemn them.  In fact, he several times said to them, oh ye of little faith...

In other words, I think James does not indicate that we are saved by a faith in works.  Nor does Jesus indicate this.  Rather the faith must be evidenced in works, but the faith is in Jesus, in God, not in the works themselves.  An analogy:   someone who cooks, may provide food for many people in a restaurant, so that he can get paid.  does he do it for love of the people in the restaurant?  Yet, he cooks for love of his wife and children, so that he can buy food for them, and perhaps cooks it.  Works done to earn salvation, and not done for love will in fact not earn salvation.  And works done for love will also not earn salvation, but do prove the love which Jesus seeks.  That is what the gospel of Christ says.

Luther was mainly irritated by James because of the context in which he lived.  He had been trying to earn his salvation by being good, being a priest, visiting the relics, suffering, doing penance, obeying all the commands.  When he realized the magnificence of grace, the reminders of his former life were difficult for him.

As far as the evolution discussion is concerned, for me the issue is not the six day thing.   It is the issue of evolution.   The six day thing is only pertinent in terms of how it affects evolution.   Even though the way scripture talks about days as having a morning and evening, and the sense of the word seems to mean a literal not figurative day, even so, if a day was longer, having millions of hours, or if it somehow consisted of eons of time, that does not really change how God says he made man from the dust of the earth, and woman from man's rib.   It does not change the fact of creating each species or kind separately from similar building blocks of carbon and proteins and amino acids and DNA.  It does not automatically require that evolution must have happened just because of long periods of time.

In this video, Juby also explains how evolutionary thought has hindered true science in the understanding of vestigial organs.  You seem to keep repeating that there is no evidence.  But evidence not seen, does not mean that there is no evidence.   The eyes need to be open to see it.   Season 4, Episode 2.  of Genesis Week.

Enjoying your questions and comments.


Edwin, it is immaterial to me whether you consider yourself liberal or conservative, and it is useless to me for you to consider me ultra-conservative, or ultra-liberal.  Neither terms explains anything in the context.  Rather, I take scripture fairly literally, the way it was intended.  But I also understand science and understand nature fairly well.  I have attended churches of more than 15 denominations, and have found brothers in Christ in all of them.  I love to listen and sing to Christian music of almost all genres, and I enjoy all types of instruments in church.  I have serious issues with the way the church order is written, and would be considered liberal on that topic.  I absolutely detest being put into a box such as liberal or conservative, since it is not the point.  I think theological positions are not dated or outdated, but rather they are scriptural or they are not.  I find your understanding of theology as a mixture of Jewish and pagan Greek philosophy rather sad.  Since I have taken philosophy courses for three years in university, both secular and Christian, I understand a bit of it.  Just because there are some similarities in some ideas, doesn't mean that what scripture says, or what theology has said, is in fact a mixture of it.  Rather, it could as easily be that what people see through a glass dimly in pagan philosophy, is actually a blurred observation of some of the ways God has revealed himself.  Rather than saying that the pagan blind man sees the leg of the elephant, and that therefore the Christian who sees the elephant has adopted pagan vision when he too sees the leg of the elephant....

So if you are truly interested in educating yourself about evolution, why don't you watch the latest issue of Juby's youtube video on the whale and the cow, and vestigal organs, and what evolution has done with them?



Hi John and Edwin, as well as others.  Good to hear your latest contribution Edwin.  You make an interesting distinction, whether speaking or thinking from a personal perspective or from an official capacity as a minister in the CRC.  Kind of like the pope in the Roman Catholic church when he speaks ex cathedra.  I’ll have to give that some thought.  Certainly I’ve allowed my personal thoughts to flow out into the public arena.  But by speaking out of two sides on one’s mouth, or from two sides of the fence, I question a person’s integrity to one’s true self.

The issue of Biblical creation versus evolution has been an eye opener for me.  But place that issue alongside a host of other issues that has come to the forefront in CRC history over the years and you realize that what was once considered the sure teaching of Scripture in the past is no longer the sure teaching.  In the not too distance past, marital divorce was totally forbidden except for very few exceptions, and then anyone divorced was forbidden from church office and often from even serving in any capacity.  Today, divorce is seldom even noticed.  Was the Holy Spirit leading in truth in the past on this issue or is he presently?  And the list of areas of concern could go on to a very large list.  Today’s position on divorce if held 50 years ago would be cause for discipline or excommunication.  Was the Holy Spirit leading in truth then, or now?  Six day creation or evolution.  Was the Holy Spirit leading in the past to take a literal approach to Genesis, but what about now when scientific evidence is leading toward evolution and more of a mythical understanding of Genesis?  As John might suggest, the support of evolution is just opening up a can of worms.

To my understanding the Bible sends some very contradictory messages, which makes me question how do we understand the inspiration of Scripture when the Bible doesn’t always agree with itself.

As I suggested to John, Jesus taught a whole new perspective from what was being taught among the Jews of his day.  When the Jews were thinking that formal rites and rituals could make them right with God, Jesus basically said, you put too much stock in these things.  What really matters is how you live your life, a life that demonstrates love for God and neighbor, that is what brings pleasure to God.  This is what was taught in nearly all of Jesus’ stories and parables, such as the separation of the goats from the sheep, the story of the good Samaritan, the parable of the talents, and on and on. It was good works that was the deciding factor in separating the sheep from the goats.  Did faith play a part in Jesus’ teaching?  Of course it did, but it was a faith that believed how I lived my life would make a difference in God’s disposition. “As you did it to the least one of these you do it unto me.”  Over and over again Jesus taught a life of servanthood to others, and Jesus demonstrated such a life.

Paul on the other hand taught quite a different message.  Our actions count for nothing in gaining God’s salvation and favor.  People are helpless creatures bound only to win God’s disapproval.  People are dead in sin.  Don’t count on winning any points with God by your own actions.  They are only filthy rags. And beside, one sin, was enough to condemn you for eternity.  So one’s object of faith is not in a life of serving others and doing good, but now (in Paul’s teaching) it’s the object or person of Jesus Christ who has done it all for you.  Sure you still want to do good, but Paul says you can’t do it.  All you can do in your own effort is sin, and sin miserably, you’re a total failure.  I don’t hear Jesus saying that.  He’s saying ritual counts for nothing, but a life of service is everything.  Check out Jesus’ own teaching and example and you will see this is Jesus’ emphasis.

There’s a contradiction here.  You can try to harmonize these two teachings (Jesus and Paul), like John Z has shown.  But remember, John, the object of faith was different for Jesus than it was for Paul.  Martin Luther wanted the book of James removed from the Bible.  His frustration was not that there was too little talk of faith in James, but rather that faith was not directed toward Jesus Christ but more toward works.  James didn’t have a Pauline emphasis, as far as Luther was concerned.  Luther thought James was saying that if you lived a good life seeking to please God then you would have God’s favor. James stood with Jesus rather than Paul.  You can be assured (trust/faith) if you were trying to please God, that he would be happy with you.  Your faith influences your actions and vice versa.  That didn’t sit well with Luther because Christ wasn’t the focal point of faith, but works were.

So you see, you can talk about faith all you want.  “Just have faith.”  But what is the object of your faith.  Jesus taught: by trusting a life of service, God will separate you from the goats.  Paul taught that your works count for nothing so trust completely in Christ and works will follow (but they don’t count for anything, not even reward in heaven).

So you see it’s not just our inconsistencies as to how we interpret the Bible, but also the inconsistencies within the Bible itself (and they are glaring).  These make me question the doctrine of the inspiration of the Bible or at least how we understand inspiration.  I like what Jesus teaches. So does that make me a Christian.  Some would say yes (Thomas Jefferson) and some would say no.  How far are we allowed to go before we get pushed out of the barn yard.  Would Jesus himself get pushed out because he was not Pauline?  Does Paul have more authority than Jesus in order to change his emphasis. Unless you can synchronize what Jesus taught with what Paul taught then for many denominations (including the CRC) you’re out.  I may be extreme, but with Edwin I think until we make some changes to become more inclusive or change some our doctrinal ways of thinking, a narrow Christianity may have a hard time making it down the road.  And holding to a six day literal creation with no evidence to support it doesn’t help.  Also espousing a God who has, from eternity past, determined the eternal damnation of the majority of human kind while the gospel of grace is only intended for the few, doesn’t bode well for the Christian faith either.

I agree Edwin, our (John and I) arguments sound like an endeavor in futility.  But by taking a different point of view from John it always ends up the same.  John, you may accuse me of extended arguments but look at your arguments against evolution on this website and others, and how many books have you written?  And you haven’t budged from the beginning, and the same is true with other arguments you have gotten into.  I enjoy the debate, and I think our discussions are having little impact on anyone, so I don’t get bent out of shape over any of it, nor should anyone else.  If one doesn’t like the debate, then don’t read it.


It appears to me that this discussion is going nowhere between John and Roger.  John appears to be the ultra-conservative and Roger appears to be the ultra-liberal.  I find myself in disappointment with both.  However, I do recognize that John might well see me as a liberal, and Roger might see me as too conservative.  There would be good  reason for both opinions.

            I look at my stance as one foot in and one foot out.  I am, after all, an  emeritus minister of the CRC in good and regular standing, and that is important for me.  When I function in a somewhat official capacity in that regard, I do try to stay within the Reformed fences; as for example the article in the Banner some time ago.  I’m looking over the fence in that article but I haven’t jumped it.  That being said, in my private life, in my retirement years, I exercise the freedom of following wherever the Lord leads, even if that should be on the other side of the Reformed fence.  Which, I am forthright to say, is where I am in my private theological life.

            I hear the Lord calling all of us to new horizons of truth and service, and I hear that message mainly from the scientific advances that are being made in recent times.  All truth is God’s truth, however and wherever it may be found.  When God calls it is our obligation to listen, to understand, and to obey.  John points out that there are numerous unknown quantities in the scientific picture.  I suppose that will always be the case.  There will always be things we do not understand or know.  But God gives us what we need to know in our own times and circumstances.  And that is what he is doing now.  God is calling us to listen to new insights into his truth, and is summoning us to follow its lead by the indwelling guidance of his Holy Spirit.

            So that is why I may well appear to John as a raving liberal.  I’m willing and ready to re-examine and redefine our entire theological system, retaining that which is necessary but scuttling what is not necessary.  One person cannot do this adequately alone, so I am hoping and expecting that God will raise up better theologians than I to continue this work in the future.

            But there is also a sense, and perhaps Roger senses it more than John, that I am trying too hard to hang onto outdated theological positions.  For example, I am totally enamored of Genesis One, which I regard as the most important and influential document ever written.  So I am doing my best to orient my forays into theology using the basic insights of that document as the pattern.  I am discovering that the old horizons of ancient Jewish thought have been compromised to an alarming extent throughout the history of the Christian church, so much so that a great deal of what the ancient church defined as true theology is in fact a mixture of Jewish and pagan Greek philosophy.  So I am of the confirmed opinion that we need to go back to the beginnings of a theistic and monotheistic pattern of thought, and to understand the sending of Jesus in that context, without the admixture of subsequent theological definitions from the ancient church.

            So, to conclude, I see myself as more conservative than John and more liberal than Roger!  Blessings on you both!

Edwin Walhout


If John Calvin was alive today and had access to the ancient manuscripts we do would he republish his writings exactly as written? I have read Orthodox and Catholic commentary of the Catholic revision to the Nicene Creed and have concluded that the Catholic revision, which we use, is wrong.   

Seems to me that, to some, our confessions are more important than the text of the Bible.  


Hi, once again, John, and whoever else may be listening in.  I apologize for an error I made.  When I logged on to this site just now, it was to make a correction that I realized I had made. I was in a rush to get somewhere.  In the next to last sentence of my last response, I said, “And what makes you think that God really created all there is, including our world ((all in six literal days)) when the physical evidence for your position is lacking?”  I meant to add the five words in brackets.  I do believe that God is the creator God and that he works within the natural laws that he has established.  That’s the reason scientists can do science.  If God worked outside of his established laws, as you suggest, then there is no need for science.  Even conclusive evidence would prove nothing, and the study of origins and the age of earth would be meaningless. So why are young earth scientists trying to disprove evolution?  They believe in a literal Biblical creation apart from any evidence.

You still surprise me.  You seem to cast a lot of suspicion on doctrine.  You say, “The question is:  do you love God?  If you love God, then you know you belong to Him, that God loves you, and you know that you want to do what God desires.”  Do  you really believe that?  The Muslim will make that same statement, as well as the Mormon, the Hindu, the Jew, and myself, as well.  I guess we all fit into the category of being God’s children.  But I’m guessing that your statement needs some clarification.  You probably mean, if you love the Triune God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, inferred in the Bible, and believe in Christ’s atoning sacrifice, and now live in grateful obedience to him then you belong to him.  You see John, it’s your theology or doctrine that defines your belief system and where you stand in life and death in regard to him.  Reformed Christians have said it is very important what we believe, even in the details.  That’s why the Reformed Churches and it’s members subscribe to the three forms of unity, the Heidelberg Catechism, the Belgic Confession, and the Canons of Dort.  It’s those three confessions and what they teach that binds all these members together, giving them a single voice.  You see, to some, what a Reformed Christian believes is very important to the body as a whole.  But I guess you are saying, no it’s not really that important.

Reformed Christians have said, when it comes to salvation, it is all a credit to God, completely.  We can’t even add our faith, for faith comes from God.  Human kind stands at complete odds with God.  If the Holy Spirit doesn’t enable a person to believe, he will definitely not respond to the gospel.  If the Holy Spirit does enable as person to respond in faith, then he will definitely respond.  There is no ifs, ands, or buts.  There are no exceptions, because God will not fail to accomplish his purposes, according to Reformed teaching.  God’s purposes in electing a people to himself and in determining the damnation of the rest of humanity is set in stone.  God will not waiver or change his mind.  This sovereignty is a cornerstone of Reformed faith.

Doctrine is at the heart of Reformed ministry training.  Reformed seminaries make theological study the cornerstone of their curriculum.  The difference between “reformed thinking and free-willism is not as big as we make it?”  Are you kidding?  It’s huge.  One says God is sovereign in everything, especially salvation, the other gives much credit to human will.

But I do believe that you probably give more credit to doctrine than what you are letting on.   Otherwise, why would you be arguing so vehemently about differences of opinion as to how God created the world.  And why would you write articles about how retired ministers that don’t conform to our confessions should be disciplined?   

But then if what the Bible teaches (doctrine) isn’t that important, then why make such a big deal about creation versus evolution?  If God does it one way or another, why split hairs?  Edwin, along with many others, including myself, are not trying to take away from the grandeur of God. He gets all the credit. And if (as you say,) “you love God, then you know you belong to Him,” why split hairs over doctrine?  Edwin and I are both well within the ballpark.  I think I hear you speaking out of two sides of your mouth.


Roger, it is interesting how you make adamant extended statements about what I believe based on so little evidence.  But I understand you are doing this in order to find out how I will respond.  My basic response is that sometimes we over-doctrinalize things.   By that I mean that we make definitive distinctions that scripture does not make.  For example, we are saved by faith.  Jesus even said to at least one individual that her faith had saved her.  The epistles also say the same thing.  Not saved by works.   But James clears up how works fits with faith.   We can only show our faith by our works. (The woman whose faith had saved her, had annointed Jesus with oil.)  Abraham was justified by his obedience, which came from his faith.  No works, no obedience, means no faith.  Beyond that, we should be careful not to make more definitive statements than what scripture makes.

Bible is also clear that we are sinners.  Psalms say there is no one without sin.  Paul says he was controlled by the sinful nature.  But God's spirit changes that nature.  To talk about this in the abstract is sometimes interesting, but is not valuable as applying it to your own life.  The question is not how many people has God saved.  The question is:  do you love God?  If you love God, then you know you belong to Him, that God loves you, and you know that you want to do what God desires.

The mystery of whether God chooses us in spite of our rejection of Him, or because of our love for Him, or both, or either, is not something that we need to butt heads about.  The difference between reformed thinking and free-willism is not as big as some like to make it to be.  Left to ourselves we all sin.  We all deserve judgement.  We all have a tendency and an inclination to reject God.  With God's grace, with God's spirit, we can love God and live for God.  The details are mysterious.  Some people accept Jesus quickly and willingly while others fight, kicking and screaming before they accept him.  Others reject Christ until the day they die.  Our job is to accept Christ, and then to share Christ.  To give God the glory and not take the glory for ourselves.

If scripture speaks of this relationship between God and the believer in different ways, then we should not deny our ability to speak of it in different ways.

We cannot save ourselves by blaming God for our own sin.  We cannot save ourselves by our own good works.  We must accept Christ, and then acknowledge that it is a free gift, including even the faith to accept.

Ephesians 1 gives God the glory for our salvation, and for granting his spirit.   Even blaming God for not saving everyone is a backwards way of praising God for saving some.   Suppose he had saved no one?   But the mystery and uncertainty of not fully understanding God's mind is not something we will solve on this side of heaven.

When you say I don't like this or that about scripture,  you are mistaken.  I don't say I like this or don't like  that about what scripture says or about what Jesus says or what the epistles say.  What it says is what it says and I simply try to understand it, or at least accept it.   When it says seemingly contradictory things, I believe these things fit together in a comprehensive whole.   I do not claim to have more wisdom than God.   I certainly do not have the authority nor even the ability to judge God.  So if I did not like something that Jesus said, that would be an indictment against me, not against Jesus, nor against scripture.

So you ask me, "what makes you think that God created all there is, including our world...".   My question to you is this:  do you think God is the creator?   Did he create everything?   Did someone else create some of it?  Did it create itself?   Are you concerned about whether God is the creator, or about how he created?