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This article by Milfred Minatrea is reprinted with permission from Postings (December 2009, Catalyst Services). I realize it's a bit longer than most blog posts, but I'm sharing it anyway because I think it's an important topic as our denomination talks about healthy churches and church planting. The ideas are applicable to new church plants but also those churches that are concerned with their own survival. Consider printing this as a discussion guide for your next missions committee meeting! - Wendy

I spend quite a bit of time with church planters, even though my primary ministry role is assisting existing churches in transitioning toward a missional posture. Both church planting and refocusing involve congregational DNA.

New church starts are crafting their culture. One of the most significant roles any new congregation will address is the formation of their DNA. For missional churches, the essence of their culture will be incarnational. The Great Commission will be the mandate for their mission—their raison d’être.

I have long said the easiest way to have a missional church is to start one with that culture at its origin. Every congregation's DNA contains the values and behaviors endemic to their way of being church. One major component of a missional DNA is the passionate desire to proclaiming God's glory among the unreached people groups of the nations.

Recently I have visited with a number of church planters who have been counseled to avoid global mission engagements during the early days of their new church. They are told to concentrate their attention locally, with the assumption that focusing time and energy on international involvement will distract from the primary task of reaching the local community and divert their limited financial resources away from the essential development of the local congregation.

While respecting those who may hold this view, I nonetheless disagree for a variety of reasons. The rationales I share here specifically address the objections described above. Mission trips are not primarily for the good of the sending congregation, yet they are the recipients of wonderful byproducts. The primary motivation for mission engagement is God's glory and the blessing of the nations.


It is always the right time to expose believers to the heart of God! While the church is still in its most formative state, in my opinion, is the optimum time to allow the congregation's vision and values to coalesce with those on God's heart. If our goal is to plant a body that is truly His Body, a congregation reflecting His image in the world, then exposure to that which is on God's heart is paramount. Clarity about the biblical reason for the church's existence is critical at the earliest stage.

Aubrey Malphurs has written extensively on church planting and counsels, “It's important that church planters periodically ask themselves the basic questions, "What's Christ's church supposed to be doing, and who are we trying to reach?" Asking these questions forces us to return to the basics. The answers to the questions undoubtedly are the Great Commission and lost people.” (Aubrey Malphurs, Planting Growing Churches for the 21st Century,1998, pg. 121)

Years ago, Leroy Eims said we could leave off the word "Great" in Great Commission because it is the only commission Christ gave the church, not just the greatest one! Discipling the nations is our commission.

Scripture from beginning to end is a stethoscope through which to hear the heartbeat of God: “I will make you a great nation…and in you all the nations of the earth will be blessed.” (Gen. 12:2-3) “I will send them to the nations…that have neither heard of My fame nor seen My glory. And they will declare My glory among the nations.” (Is. 66:19) “And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world for a witness to the nations…” (Matt. 24:14) “After these things I looked, and behold a great multitude, which no one could count, from every nation and all tribes and peoples and tongues, standing before the throne…and they cry out…Salvation belongs to our God.” (Rev. 7:9-10)

If a passion for the nations and unreached peoples is not developed during the earliest days of a congregation’s life, that body has failed to connect with the primary passion of God's heart. Unless they adopt that passion early on, His passion will most likely not become a core value of the developing congregation.


Church starts bring together a disparate group of people who must be formed into a unified entity, one body sharing a common vision. I frequently speak with church planters struggling to build a team from the variety of believers present at the new church launch. Often these leaders utilize team-building exercises and retreats as resources toward this end. Experience has taught me that mission trips are very natural environments for team building.

Short-term team members spend extended time “doing life together.” For example, a team that lives for two weeks in a refugee camp in northwest Africa will be stretched well beyond their comfort zones. They will likely sleep in a Bedouin-style tent, eat and drink things dramatically different from their normal diets, and survive with what they consider minimal sanitation facilities. Even with adequate preparation, the dramatic differences will create an emotional and often physical culture shock. Team members will become “family” and care for one another. Like family, they also will get on each other's nerves. A by-product will be increased awareness and appreciation of strengths and weaknesses of those in the body.

Ultimately such experiences may be an incubator for authentic community and real koinonia. The group experiences an impact similar to spiritual retreats—accomplishing more in an intensive time away than investing the same amount of time in multiple, one-hour-per-week meetings.


A few churches may be planted with the intent to attract already churched people, but most church starts purpose to reach those who do not have a faith relationship with Christ and His church. And whether we apply the term “post-Christian” or “unchurched,” ours is an unchurched culture. George Hunter was correct in his assessment that the church in North America no longer operates with “home court advantage.” Virtually all ministry is cross-cultural. Therefore, the vitality of new churches depends on their ability to bridge the gaps that separate those within the church from those without.

Often those who make up the core of new church starts have long been part of existing churches. While they may have a strong commitment to reach the unreached in their community, when suddenly placed in a new church start, they struggle to establish comfortable relationships with the unchurched.

Global mission engagement provides an excellent classroom for learning how to cross cultures. Since linguistic, racial, social, and cultural differences are expected in the mission context, teams usually receive orientation and training before leaving for the field. But because the cultural differences are not as easily perceived at home, churches do not typically provide comparable orientation and training for local mission engagement or church starting.

The international mission partnership may result in greater acuity in “seeing” and enhanced comfort in entering relationships with those from a very different cultural background. For example, outside their own environment, mission team members may more readily understand that multiple worship forms can best accommodate the cultural nuances of the target population. They may come home more ready to say that their way is not necessarily right or best, and that forms may need to be adapted in order to more effective craft worship indigenous to the cultures of those the new plant is reaching. An Acts 15 reality often takes place among those who participate in global mission partnerships: “People do not have to become like us in order to become followers of Christ.”


One of the objections to new church starts being involved in global mission is the expense. The costs to send an international mission team may represent a significant percentage of the total annual budget for the new church plant. However, it is inaccurate to assume that those same funds would otherwise have been contributed to the general budget of the church plant.

Those with long involvement in short-term missions have demonstrated repeatedly that their funding comes from different sources and is in addition to, not subtracted from, the regular gifts to local churches. Extended family members, work associates, and caring friends out of the community contribute. The faith of a congregation that has committed to an international mission is often stretched as they ask and observe God's provision of resources beyond the perceived capacity of the local congregation.


Participation in well planned and executed global mission experiences raises the ministry capacity and confidence of team members. Time and again, I have watched team members joyfully use a skill or gift that had never been called on within the local-church setting. It might be as simple as a mathematician who recalls the formula for converting Celsius to Fahrenheit to know if Joe really has a fever. It may be the ability to dribble a basketball or juggle pins that opens the door to relationships with national children. It might be finding that a team member speaks a language understood by many where they are serving.

As Ephesians 4:11-12 teaches, body life is the amalgamation of the total capacity of all members of the church offering their gifts in service to Christ and the community. Those who have been used by God while on mission will not be content to “sit and soak” when they return. Global mission endeavors offset a new congregation's tendency to adopt a passive or consumerist mentality that expects the church planter or other vocational staff to do the “work of ministry.”


In some parts of the world, North Americans are often perceived, true or not, as arrogant “know-it-alls” who think their ways are best, their intellect superior, and their culture “advanced.” As members of a new church plant participate with, and serve among, peers from other nations, this divisive stereotype gives way to authentic appreciation.

Suddenly mission is not about “doing for” those with profound needs but partnering with believers who are witnessing the power of the gospel among their countrymen. Transferable and applicable insights gleaned in the mission context would likely never have been discovered apart from the international experience. 

Westerners do not go with all the answers to nations that have all the needs. Inevitably if they serve alongside brothers and sisters in Christ, they will learn things unique to that context. Many of those lessons may be adapted to dramatically enhance the vitality of the local church plant at home. Exposure with global Christians breeds a spirit of humility and encourages participants to seek fresh, creative ways to fulfill God‟s mission when they return home.


An individual's DNA is formed at conception, and I am convinced that global missions must be woven into the fabric of congregational culture from the outset. Otherwise, it may become an add-on rather than an integral component of their DNA—an “option” rather than a part of who they are. My challenge for new churches: Be who you intend to be from the first moment of life, or you may never become who you could have been.

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